Science:Math Exam Resources/Courses/MATH103/April 2017/Question 01 (d)
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Question 01 (d) 

For each graph (i) and (ii), identify the graph (AD) which depicts its antiderivative and determine a consistent starting point of the integral. 
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Hint 

By the fundamental theorem of calculus, we have . Also, notice that 
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Solution 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. We observe that the functions in graphs (i) and (ii) are continuous, so by the fundamental theorem of calculus, we must have . Let us first consider the function in graph (i). The function, , is negative when , positive when , and negative again when . Hence its antiderivative must be decreasing when , increasing when , and decreasing again when . This matches the function in graph B. To determine a starting point , we note that we must have and that the only clearly identifiable zero of the function in graph B is at . We conclude that the graph of in this case is B and that is a consistent starting point. Next, let us consider the function in graph (ii). The function, , is negative when , positive when , and still positive when . Hence its antiderivative must be decreasing when , increasing when , and still increasing when . This matches the function in graph D. To determine a starting point , we note that we must have and that the only clearly identifiable zero of the function in graph D is at . We conclude that the graph of in this case is D and that is a consistent starting point. 