Science:Math Exam Resources/Courses/MATH103/April 2012/Question 04 (a)
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Question 04 (a) 

Consider the differential equation where is a positive constant, t ≥ 0, k > 0, but y may be positive or negative. Suppose y(0) = y_{0}. Find all solutions y satisfying dy/dt=0. 
Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you? 
If you are stuck, check the hints below. Read the first one and consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it! If after a while you are still stuck, go for the next hint. 
Hint 1 

Solutions y that satisfy dy/dt = 0 are also called steady state or equilibrium. 
Hint 2 

Simply set the left hand side dy/dt to zero and solve for y. How many constant solutions do you find? 
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used all the hints, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.

Solution 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. Following the instructions of the second hint, if we set dy/dt equal to zero and solve, we get: This expression will be zero if , or alternatively, . This yields the two constant solutions of y = + k and y = k. 