Science:Math Exam Resources/Courses/MATH103/April 2009/Question 01 (b)
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Question 01 (b) 

Multiple Choice question: Select ONE correct answer. You will not be graded for any work. You are out fishing. Every time you cast your line, the probability that you catch a fish is 1/4. What is the probability that you catch at least one fish within the first 2 attempts? (a) 1/16 (b) 7/16 (c) 1/2 (d) 9/16 (e) 15/16 
Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you? 
If you are stuck, check the hint below. Consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it! 
Hint 

This is a Bernoulli process. What is your random variable? What is n, what is p? 
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used the hint, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.

Solution 1 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. This is a Bernoulli process with probability of success p = 1/4, and n = 2 repetitions. Let X be the random variable that counts the number of successful casts. Then Hence, answer (b) is correct. 
Solution 2 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. We can also use a tree diagram to solve this. Recall that we multiply along branches, and then sum the results. 