Science:Math Exam Resources/Courses/MATH220/December 2011/Question 07 (a)
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Question 07 (a) 

In this question, correct answers without proofs are sufficient. Find a function which is injective but not surjective. 
Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you? 
If you are stuck, check the hint below. Consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it! 
Hint 

Recall that injective means that different integers have to be mapped to different integers and not being surjective means that there must exist some integer which is not in the image of the function ƒ. 
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used the hint, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.

Solution 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. Multiplying by any nonzero integer (other than 1 or 1) will do the trick. For example, multiplying by 2 gives the map Proof: recall that this question didn't ask for a proof, just the answer. Since the proofs are of a difficulty that you are expected to be able to handle in this course, we present them here for completeness. The function is injective since and is not surjective since clearly no odd integer will be in the image of the function ƒ. 