Science:Math Exam Resources/Courses/MATH312/December 2012/Question 01 (d)
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Question 01 (d) 

Short answer questions: Each question carries 6 marks, your answers should quote the results being used and show your work. Suppose that . Write down a digit in the slot marked X so that n is divisible by

Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you? 
If you are stuck, check the hint below. Consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it! 
Hint 

Recall divisibility rules. For 11, we need the alternating sum of digits to be divisible by 11 in order for the number to be divisible by 11. For 9, we need the sum of the digits to be divisible by 9. For 4, we need the last two digits to be divisible by 4. 
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used the hint, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.

Solution 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. Following the hint, we compute
and thus if X is 2, this sum will be 0 and hence the number will be divisible by 11. Next, we see that
and thus if X is 5, this sum will be divisible by 9 and hence so will the original number. Lastly, to be divisible by 4, we need the last two digits to be divisible by 4 so if X is one of 0,4, or 8, then this condition is satisfied and the number will be divisible by 4. 