Science:Math Exam Resources/Courses/MATH200/December 2013/Question 01 (b) i
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Question 01 (b) i 

Find the equation of the tangent plane to the surface at the point . 
Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you? 
If you are stuck, check the hint below. Consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it! 
Hint 

Remember the formula for the tangent plane to a function at the point is given by where . 
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used the hint, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.

Solution 1 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. The equation of a tangent plane at is: We need to find and , but because z is defined implicitly, we need to be careful finding these partial derivatives. First, let's keep y constant and differentiate implicitly with respect to x to find (or ): (Be careful differentiating the first term of the given equation  you must use the product rule!) Rearranging to solve for the partial derivative, you get: Therefore, at P(1,1,1), you get: Similarly, for (or ), we get: Rearranging: At P(1,1,1): Now, plugging these values into the tangent plane formula, we get: Making things nice and beautiful, the final answer is: 
Solution 2 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. Note: There is another, perhaps easier, way of solving for the partial derivatives in the previous solution. If we move all the variables onto one side of the equation and leave the other as zero, we get: Let's define a new function of three variables F(x,y,z), where the level surface is given by F(x,y,z)=0. Then, the partial derivatives we found earlier in this question can be expressed simply as: Let's test this out. If we find the partial derivatives of F with respect to x and to z, we get: Therefore, the partial derivative of z with respect to x is: This is the same equation as the one we found earlier using implicit differentiation. Try out the other partial derivative on your own to make sure both work. Using the result obtained for and using the formula for the tangent plane and plugging the values of x,y, and z at the point P gives 