MATH104 December 2013
• Q1 (a) • Q1 (b) • Q1 (c) • Q1 (d) • Q1 (e) • Q1 (f) • Q1 (g) • Q1 (h) • Q1 (i) • Q1 (j) • Q1 (k) • Q1 (l) • Q1 (m) • Q1 (n) • Q2 (a) • Q2 (b) • Q2 (c) • Q2 (d) • Q2 (e) • Q2 (f) • Q2 (g) • Q3 • Q4 • Q5 • Q6 (a) • Q6 (b) • Q6 (c) •
Question 01 (m)
Let be a differentiable function such that and If the tangent line to the graph of at is used to approximate , then the approximate solution for to the equation is
Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you?
If you are stuck, check the hints below. Read the first one and consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it! If after a while you are still stuck, go for the next hint.
First, we find the equation of the tangent line. Remember that the derivative at a point gives you the slope of the tangent line.
Once you have the tangent line, use it to approximate . Thus, we have
where we find by plugging in the point into . Then set the above equation to 0 and solve for .
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used all the hints, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.
- If you are stuck on a problem: Read the solution slowly and as soon as you feel you could finish the problem on your own, hide it and work on the problem. Come back later to the solution if you are stuck or if you want to check your work.
- If you want to check your work: Don't only focus on the answer, problems are mostly marked for the work you do, make sure you understand all the steps that were required to complete the problem and see if you made mistakes or forgot some aspects. Your goal is to check that your mental process was correct, not only the result.
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To see this, notice that the equation of the line using the point slope formula is given by
and simplifying one last time
We are using this line to approximate . Thus, if we set and solve, we can get an approximation to the root of . Hence, set which gives . Thus the correct answer is (C).
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