Science:Math Exam Resources/Courses/MATH104/December 2011/Question 06 (a)
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Question 06 (a) 

In this problem, you will approximate in two ways: one using linear approximation and the other using quadratic approximation. You may find it useful to draw the graph of for near 1 to help you answer some parts of this question. a) Use the linear approximation to at to approximate . 
Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you? 
If you are stuck, check the hints below. Read the first one and consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it! If after a while you are still stuck, go for the next hint. 
Hint 1 

A linear approximation is simply using the equation of the tangent line at some point as a good guess for the function near that point. 
Hint 2 

What does it take to compute the equation of the tangent line to the natural logarithm function near x = 1 ? 
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used all the hints, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.

Solution 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. Beginning with definition of the linear approximation of a function ƒ(x) at a point a, we find that the linear approximation to (x) at a = 1 is given by: We used that ƒ'(x) = 1/x. Thus the approximation for (0.9) is: 