Science:Math Exam Resources/Courses/MATH105/April 2014/Question 03 (b)
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Question 03 (b) 

Find the point on the circle that has minimum distance from the point . 
Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you? 
If you are stuck, check the hints below. Read the first one and consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it! If after a while you are still stuck, go for the next hint. 
Hint 1 

The distance from a point (x,y) to (1,2) is . 
Hint 2 

Distances are positive quantities and thus a point that minimizes the square of a distance will also be the point that minimizes the distance. 
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used all the hints, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.

Solution 

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Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies. We want to find where attains its minimum on the circle . Equivalently, we need to find where is the smallest on the circle . From part (a), we know that this function has its minimum on the circle 80 at the point 