MATH100 December 2019
Work in progress: this question page is incomplete, there might be mistakes in the material you are seeing here.
• Q8 • Q9(a) • Q9(b) • Q12 • Q1 (a) • Q1 (b) • Q2 (a) • Q2 (b) • Q3 (a) • Q3 (b) • Q4 (a) • Q4 (b) • Q5 • Q6 • Q7 •
How many solutions does the equation have? Justify your answer.
Make sure you understand the problem fully: What is the question asking you to do? Are there specific conditions or constraints that you should take note of? How will you know if your answer is correct from your work only? Can you rephrase the question in your own words in a way that makes sense to you?
If you are stuck, check the hint below. Consider it for a while. Does it give you a new idea on how to approach the problem? If so, try it!
Think about zeros of the function . Use the intermediate value theorem to find its zeros.
Checking a solution serves two purposes: helping you if, after having used the hint, you still are stuck on the problem; or if you have solved the problem and would like to check your work.
- If you are stuck on a problem: Read the solution slowly and as soon as you feel you could finish the problem on your own, hide it and work on the problem. Come back later to the solution if you are stuck or if you want to check your work.
- If you want to check your work: Don't only focus on the answer, problems are mostly marked for the work you do, make sure you understand all the steps that were required to complete the problem and see if you made mistakes or forgot some aspects. Your goal is to check that your mental process was correct, not only the result.
Found a typo? Is this solution unclear? Let us know here.
Please rate my easiness! It's quick and helps everyone guide their studies.
Solutions of the equation are zeros of the function .
The domain of is .
Since , is strictly decreasing when and strictly increasing when .
This implies that has a local minimum at , and
. (This is because , so .)
Finally, we have that
By the intermediate value theorem, has at least one zero in the interval ; and at least one zero in the interval .
But is strictly decreasing on ; and strictly increasing on .
Therefore the function has exactly two zeros: one in the interval and another one in the interval .