Course:FNH200/Lessons/Lesson 04/Page 04.2

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04.2 How are Regulations established?

  • The Food protection laws, in Canada, are wide in scope and major changes in the regulations embodied within the Food and Drugs Act are made after extensive consultation. We will discuss this consultation process when we deal with the section on Food Irradiation.
  • Rapid changes can also be made to the Food and Drugs Act such as in the case of delisting a food additive or other substance permitted in food when new evidence arises concerning issues of safety of a particular substance. Such was the case when the non-caloric sweeteners cyclamate and saccharin were banned.
  • The regulations can be amended by authority of the Governor in Council.

As noted on Table 4.1, regulations about labelling, advertising and claims about food are administered by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA):

  • CFIA deals with food labelling, advertising and claims about food.
  • Administers the labelling, packaging and advertising regulations under the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act and Regulations and the Food and Drugs Act and Regulations.
  • The CFIA also reviews all advertisements, on Canadian radio and television, making claims about foods.

Weights and measures are regulated by "Innovation, Science and Development Canada" specifically by an agency known as "Measurement Canada". This agency is responsible for inspection of measurement devices and providing the accuracy certification stickers

Please note that packaged retail products are subjected to Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act and Canadian Food Inspection Agency ( CFIA) is responsible for overseeing their measurement accuracy.