User:Riacale/Moving Past the Automatic Setting

From UBC Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

5021959826_c008742bf3.jpg

It's all about the light

Even with advances in camera technology, when in comes to taking pictures it's all about LIGHT.

The magic question is how much light do I expose the camera to?

The Automatic Setting tries to answer the question for you based on predetermined variables in the software.

It's like trying to fit everything in a box:

2529177313_899168e4fc_z.jpg

Go Wild!

Sometimes though, it's good exercise your creative muscles and this requires you to move away from the automatic setting on your camera.

Don't be afraid, we won't go fully manual yet. Baby steps for now.

A for Aperture

2206783729_0ba19b6b32_m.jpg The aperture is the opening on your camera's lens and it controls how much light the sensor (film) will receive.

It's that f that you see on your camera lens. Now is where it gets tricky:

  • The smaller the number the wider (more open) the aperture
  • The bigger the number the narrower (more closed) the aperture

Why does it matter if the aperture is wide or narrow?

DEPTH OF FIELD or the blurry background.

Think of it as a big eye..SQUINTING TIME!

3866120631_7652ce2a0c_z.jpg

Wide apertures:

  • the blurry background
  • focus on one subject
  • Good for portraits

3866904626_9a835ab894.jpg

Narrow apertures:

  • lots of detail
  • good for landscape photography

Examples

Wide:

3256242222_78fd69fa85_t.jpg 3337601394_131c216318_t.jpg 3224449962_791503d460_t.jpg

Narrow:

200815386_8c7d28a29c_t.jpg 4852775794_c671f133d0_t.jpg 1754412401_ed075362f6_m.jpg

S for Shutter Speed

The shutter speed is how long the sensor (film) to light.

Why is shutter speed important?

  • Too little light => underexposed, dark, lose detail
  • Too much light => overexposed, bright, lose detail

294703484_cb262042b4.jpg 294779852_b5f24a6fd5.jpg

Fast Shutters:

  • Less light
  • Pauses/captures actions
  • Good for sports photography and fast objects (e.g. cars, birds)

Slow Shutters:

  • More light
  • Shows movement
  • Excellent for light graffiti, fireworks, dances

Examples

Find the right balance and you can get amazing photos:

Fast:

2165326017_b1068edc58_t.jpg 2983707616_8a33e6f20d_t.jpg 2045555079_4ef632644a_t.jpg

Slow:

212056753_ac1956e57e_t.jpg 4137841698_44ee6db32c_t.jpg 4423463673_4b501fc0de_t.jpg

Flash

When your camera doesn't have enough light, the flash goes off to compensate. It's such a strong harsh light and if used wantonly can result in:

  • flat colours
  • loss of atmosphere such as shadows and highlights
  • subjects looking greasy or oily [1]

Using flash is situational and depends on what effect you want to achieve. Below are some examples:

Silhouettes (NO FLASH)

2742716718_6f88548012.jpg 2503114641_7968b84de9.jpg

Movement (NO FLASH)

139451722_e66a7dd27d.jpg 723251706_7e02c1f448.jpg

Capture Detail (FLASH)

2740359075_e30f81fc1e.jpg 4391428993_cbd79ffb4c.jpg

Things you can do to avoid using flash:

  • Use a tripod
  • Rest the camera on flat surface
  • Increase the ISO or the sensor's light sensitivity
  • Slower shutter speeds

Composition

The Rule of Thirds

Rule of Thirds Horizontal.pngRule-of-Thirds-Vertical.png

It's not necessarily a steadfast unbroken rule but more of a guide. Imagine your picture is divided 4 lines into 9 sections and the rule suggests that the important elements of your photo should be placed on the lines themselves or where the lines intersect.

Why?

Portraits

458957022_f7952e4808.jpg Portrait-Rule-of-Thirds.png

Landscapes

3410783929_051d93bc86.jpg Landscape-Rule-of-Thirds.png

Store it, Save it

Developments in social web tools have given us a variety of opportunities to share our photos. Some are free, while some are not. Just be aware though that there are limits or restrictions to free accounts such as monthly or storage limits.

Photo Sharing Services

Social Web Tools

Resources

References