Theorem 1 immediately yields the divergence test.
|Theorem: The Divergence Test|
Given the infinite series,
if the following limit
does not exist or is not equal to zero, then the infinite series
must be divergent.
No proof of this result is necessary: the Divergence Test is equivalent to Theorem 1.
If it seems confusing as to why this would be the case, the reader may want to review the appendix on the divergence test and the contrapositive.
Beware: The Converse is Not Necessarily True
Observe that the converse of Theorem 1 is not true in general. If
we cannot conclude that the infinite series is convergent! For example, the harmonic series has the property that
But the harmonic series is not a convergent series, as was shown in a an earlier section in the lesson on the harmonic and telescoping series.
Therefore, if the limit is equal to zero, the Divergence Test yields no conclusion: the infinite series may or may not converge. In this case, other convergence tests can be used to try to determine whether or not the series converges, if required.