Course:PHYS341/2018/Assignments/A2

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Training Problems for January 19th Quiz

Part 1

Basic Concepts. For questions 1-2, fill in the gaps in each paragraph, choosing from the set of words/phrases at the end of each question (each of which may be used more than once) to form the most correct, precise statements. In the case where two words can be interchanged with no change in meaning, place them in alphabetical order (the code cannot handle more than one correct answer!).

1

The acoustic phenomenon of beating occurs when two sound waves very close in

with each other. This is because the two waves periodically get in and out of

with each other and the

rises and falls. The frequency of the beats equals the difference between the

of the two waves.


amplitude, amplitudes, frequencies, frequency, information, interact, loud, phase, power, wavelength(s), unwanted.

2

A small sound source radiates sound waves at one frequency equally in all directions. The

is determined by the sound speed in the medium. The sound speed is determined by the stiffness and density of the medium. Stiffer media (all else being equal) have

sound speeds. More dense media (all else being equal) have

sound speeds. As the wave radiates outward the

may change (but only if the medium does), but the

does not. As the wave radiates outward the

becomes smaller - even without damping - as the sound

is spread over an ever growing area.

amplitude, frequency, higher, lower, power, velocity, unchanged, wavelength


Part 2

For the following questions, select all statements that are correct; there may be more than one. When you have completed the quiz, I suggest to pay attention to all the comments, including those for wrong answers, even if you got it right first time.

1

When a sound wave travels down an narrow air-filled pipe, how are the air molecules moving?

(a) They migrate down the pipe from one end to the other
(b) They oscillate back and forth in the direction of the wave
(c) They oscillate back and forth across the diameter of the pipe
(d) Random thermal motion
(e) They oscillate back and forth in the direction of the wave and undergo random thermal motion
(f) They oscillate back and forth across the diameter of the pipe and undergo random thermal motion

2

A sound wave radiating out isotropically from a small source is detected at two positions, 10m and 20m. How will the 10m signal compare with the 20m signal?

(a) Four times the intensity.
(b) Four times the frequency.
(c) Four times the wavelength.
(d) A quarter of the intensity.
(e) A quarter of the frequency.
(f) A quarter of the wavelength.

3

Longitudinal waves

(a) can occur only in gases
(b) can occur only in liquids and gases
(c) can occur in solids, liquids and gases
(d) can transmit energy permanently from one place to another
(e) can transmit matter permanently from one place to another

4

Beats are an acoustic phenomenon in which

(a) you hear the individual pressure oscillations of a sound wave
(b) two sound waves with vastly different frequencies add together to make a sound with an audibly oscillating amplitude
(c) two sound waves very close in frequency add together to make a sound with an audibly oscillating amplitude
(d) two sound waves go in and out of phase with each other causing the amplitude to rise and fall
(e) two sound waves interfere with each other

5

If I blow over the top of a beer bottle I produce sound at a certain frequency. If I add some water to the bottle and repeat, the frequency will

(a) rise
(b) fall
(c) stay the same

6

(following on from the previous question) because

(a) the water is less dense than the glass
(b) the length of the air column in the bottle is reduced
(c) the volume of air in the bottle is reduced
(d) the mass of air in the neck has not changed

7

(following on from the previous question) and

(a) it is easier to squeeze a smaller body of air a certain amount than a larger one by the same amount
(b) it is harder to squeeze a smaller body of air a certain amount than a larger one by the same amount
(c) it is no harder, or easier, to squeeze a smaller body of air a certain amount than a larger one by the same amount

8

An object (string, air column, soundboard etc.) has a natural frequency.

(a) If it is vibrated equally over a range of frequencies it will vibrate with a largest amplitude at the natural frequency.
(b) If it is vibrated at any other single frequency it will still vibrate at its own natural frequency.
(c) If it is struck (with a solid object or a jet of air) it it will vibrate at the natural frequency.
(d) The natural frequency is a property of the object alone.
(e) The natural frequency is a property of the object and whatever has excited it.
(f) An object can have only one natural frequency.