|Important Course Pages|
Throughout the centuries of colonization of the non-European countries around the world, the Indigenous people who had lived there for countless generations were suddenly at risk for foreign resource exploitation, new and unpreventable diseases and smaller territories to hunt and fish. For many of the people, the process of colonization was brutal and entailed many deaths. Through the pain and in some cases extinction of near extinction of culture, many Indigenous people rose up to defend their land and their people. In this wiki post I will explore the different instances of Indigenous movements and the people behind them.
A little known group of Indigenous people, the Sami people of Norway and Sweden are known as reindeer herders, and were occupying Scandinavia since 8100 BC. In this article, the Sami are told to have been defending their land from mining. In northern Sweden, in their arctic forest, mining for iron ore has put the drilling on a key migration site for the norther Sami, In protest, they blocked off the road to the site.
The Ainu people of Japan had been oppressed in many ways. After the Japanese government declared the Hokkaido region of Japan to be Terra Nullius, even when there were numerous groups living there, they were banished to live in northern Japan with some of the farmers- as well their language was forbidden and there was more and more encroachment on their land. The Ainu people gained support for their cause using international media and used this support to pressure the government into recognizing them for being an Indigenous people in Japan. This became a reality in 2008- however most issues regarding racism and recognition remain largely ignored.
Of the resistance put on by New Zealand's Indigenous peoples- the Maori, since 1960, the range of violence in these protests had gradually lessened until the last few protests in the late 90s to 2011. The Maori people argued over many things- including land rights and language and culture loss. Mainly their arguments ended with a petition to government. Generally, it seems for the New Zealand government that most protests and petitions put through ultimately triumphed. This seems to be a significant success for the Maori people.