Course:FNH200/Lessons/Lesson 01/Page 01.7

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01.7 Summary of Lesson 1

  • Food science studies the production, processing, preparing, evaluating and use of food.
  • Technological advancements have led to many "food science discoveries"
  • Canada offers a vast and diverse food system
  • The Canadian food industry has a strong impact on Canada's economy
  • Consumers and consumer demands have a strong influence on the food consumption trends

Closing thoughts

In conclusion, the food industry in Canada is a large industry that provides employment for a substantial part of the workforce in Canada. The variety of food products available in grocery stores or through food service outlets is immense and is likely to grow in response to consumer demands and changes in demographics, health, animal welfare and environmental concerns.

At this point it is important to recognize that while the amount and variety of foods consumed in Canada are increasing, many people in other parts of our world are unable to even secure enough nutritious food to maintain a healthy lifestyle. It has been estimated that about 3/4 of the world population live in lesser developed countries which are found mainly in Africa, Asia and South and Central America. Most of the inhabitants of these countries cannot get enough nutritious food to eat each day. Nutrients in short supply include fat, protein, vitamins, minerals and clean, safe drinking water. It is important to keep that thought in mind as you proceed through the course.


  • Murano, P.S. (2003). Introduction to Food Science and Technology. Understanding Food Science and Technology (Chapter 1). Belmont, California: Thompson Wadsworth.
  • Potter, N. N. & Hotchkiss,J. H. (1998). Characteristics of the Food Industry. Food Science (5th ed.) (Chapter 2). Gaithersburg, Maryland: Aspen Publishers, Inc.
  • Potter, N. N. & Hotchkiss,J. H. (1998). Vegetables and Fruits. Food Science (5th ed.) (Chapter 18 & pp.432-434). Gaithersburg, Maryland: Aspen Publishers, Inc.
  • Food Available in Canada. Statistics Canada. (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)
  • Food Technology Magazine Editors Share Top 10 Food Trend Predictions for 2019.


FNH 200 Course content on this wiki page and associated lesson pages was originally authored by Drs. Brent Skura, Andrea Liceaga, and Eunice Li-Chan. Ongoing edits and updates are contributed by past and current instructors including Drs. Andrea Liceaga, Azita Madadi-Noei, Nooshin Alizadeh-Pasdar, and Judy Chan.

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1. Physical locations where a consumer may purchase and enjoy carrots:

Farmer's Market.
Grocery Stores.
Food Services Establishments.
All of the above.

2. When are apples in BC being harvested?:


3. What percentage of the atmosphere is oxygen?:


4. What changes occurred in the USA due to the publication of a book in 1906 about the meatpacking industry?:

The start of the vegetarian movement in the US.
Congress passed the meat inspection act and the food and drugs act of 1906.
Inspectors were fired and taken out of the meatpacking plants.
Establishment of the US Department of Agriculture.

5. A food scientist discovers new information about food through research.