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Materials and Methods for Classical Chinese Studies
Instructor: Leo K. Shin
Office: Buchanan Tower 1223
Office Hours: Tu/Th 0930-1030
Class Schedule: Wed 1000-1230
Classroom: Asian Library
Important Course Pages
Lecture Notes
Course Discussion


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Weekly Topics

Week 2: Research Guides

  • Chinese History: A Manual. 2000. By Endymion Wilkinson. Rev. and enl. ed. (New edition to appear in December 2012). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Asia Center. A comprehensive guide to the study of Chinese history up to 1949.
  • Introduction to Research in Chinese Source Materials. By Alvin P. Cohen. New Haven: Far Eastern Publication, 2000. A fundamental introduction to the use of Chinese source material both for student and scholar, with reference book lists in specific section. (submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Chinese Studies in English: A Selected Bibliography of Books. By Tsung Shun Na. American Institute of Chinese Studies, 1991. A book-length bibliography of over 3000 books, covering all subjects of Chinese studies, and with two indexes. (submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Nihon no Chūgokugaku senmonka handobukku日本の中国学専門家ハンドブックJapanese Scholar of China: A Bibliographical Handbook. By John Timothy Wixed. The Edwin Mellen Press, 1992. It provides a wealth of bibliographical and biographical information about more than 1500 twentieth century Japanese scholars of China. Each entry, alphabetically arranged, introduces the reading of a scholar’s name, his area of specialization, and his works. With the detailed introduction and the eight useful indexes, the use of this bibliography is guided clearly.(submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • The Indiana Companion to Traditional Chinese Literature. By William H. Nienhauser, JR; Charles Hartman (Poetry); Y.W.Ma (Fiction); Stephen H. West (Drama). Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986. An extensive encyclopedic work comprised of two parts. Part I includes ten introductory essays on subjects of Traditional Chinese Literature, followed by a bibliography. Part II includes numerous short articles, each followed by a bibliography. There are three useful indexes-name index, title index, and subject index.(submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Dai Kan-Wa Jiten (大漢和辭典). 1984. By Tetsuji Morohashi. One of the most comprehensive dictionaries of Chinese characters and words. Diachronically arranged meanings by earliest citations. Usage examples from Japanese and Chinese classical texts. (TY)

  • Li Xiaolin 李小林, Li Shengwen 李晟文, eds. Ming shi yanjiu beilai 明史研究备览 (A Handbook for Research on Ming History). Tianjin: Tianjing jiaoyu chubanshe, 1988. This introduction to both primary sources and secondary scholarship on the Ming dynasty provides useful reviews of scholarship on Ming history beginning in the Ming Dynasty itself, through 1988. These reviews are further separated into mainland Chinese scholarship, scholarship from Taiwan and Hong Kong, scholarship from Japan, and finally, Western scholarship. The bibliographies of primary and secondary sources are probably best replaced by later works. (Submitted by Sarah Basham. Originally found in Prof. Leo Shin's "Guide to Ming Studies")
  • Tonami Mamoru 礪波護, Kishimoto Mio 岸本美緒, and Sugiyama Masaaki 杉山正明, eds. Chūgoku rekishi kenkyū nyūmon 中国歴史研究入門 . Nagoya: Nagoya daigaku shuppankai. The first eleven chapters of this research guide are useful narratives of recent scholarship divided along traditional dynastic lines. Within each chapter/dynasty, topical divisions are made following recent research trends (eg. institutions, military history, local society etc.). The last third of the book provides useful tips on reading primary sources and an extensive bibliography. Handy even for scholars with a good command of Chinese, but only a minimal exposure to Japanese. (Submitted by Sarah Basham. Originally found in Prof. Leo Shin's "Guide to Ming Studies.")
  • Nathan Sivin's guides to research on Chinese Science and Medicine: Also cited in Benjamin Elman's comprehensive guide to research on late imperial science, these materials are useful guides to reference books in this field. Professor Sivin also maintains a bibliography of Chinese science and medicine: This bibliography is organized topically, and has links in the table of contents at the top that bring you to each particular section. This is a great starting place to find out the most significant works on any particular topic, though not necessarily publications after 2010. (Submitted by Sarah Basham.)

  • The Encyclopedia of Taoism. Edited by Fabrizio Pregadio. Routledge, 2008. This comprehensive, authoritative and accessible two volume set is a useful resource for any Daoist related studies. The work contains contributions by leading Daoist scholars, and is up-to-date. (Submitted by Nathan Brine.)
  • The Taoist Canon: A Historical Companion to the Daozang. Edited by Kristofer Schipper and Franciscus Verellen. This ambitious three volume set is an annotated index of the ~1500 volumes of the Ming dynasty Daoist Canon. The work is organized historically and thematically. The work also contains a variety of indexes, for both texts and terms. (Submitted by Nathan Brine.)

Week 3: Language and Dictionaries

  • As found in Benjamin Elman’s bibliography ( “Zhong yi da ci dian 中醫大辭典 (Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine), compiled by 中國中醫研究院廣州中醫學院 . Published by Ren min wei sheng 人民衛生 Press, 1995. Now the best reference book of its kind.” I have used this book as a dictionary for medical sources for quite some time now, and while no medical dictionary is ever complete for any period, this one is consistently better than others. (Submitted by Sarah Basham).
  • Also as recommended by Benjamin Elman: “Wu Chengluo. Zhongguo du liang heng shi 中國度量衡史 (History of Chinese metrology). Shanghai: Shang wu, 1937. Second printing. Shanghai: Commercial Press, 1957. For Chinese weights and measures, see 1937: Wu gives detailed tables with citations for every type of measure.” I’ve used some of these tables before, and found them very useful when translating measurements in medical formulas. (Submitted by Sarah Basham).
  • 異體字字典 (Dictionary of Chinese Character Variants) . 中華民國教育部國語推行委員會(National Languages Committee, Ministry of Education, R.O.C). I was introduced to this dictionary last year by Dr. Carla Nappi. It is immensely helpful when reading texts that may have obscure technical words (or names) with obscure character variants. Contains a radical and stroke order index. Pronunciation is given in zhuyin fuhao. (Submitted by Sarah Basham.)
  • Zhongguo ju mu ci dian中国剧目辞典 Chinese Repertoire Dictionary. By Chinese Repertoire Dictionary compilation committee, based on Wang Senran王森然’s work. Shijiazhuang: Heibei jiao yu chu ban she, 1997. An extensive introductory dictionary mainly on repertoire of Chinese classic drama (since Song Dynasty), Peking opera and some local opera, including 15855 entries. Each entry introduces the title of an opera/drama, its genre, initial author, bibliography and edition information, plot summary, story source, commentary and artistry. Three indexes respectively introduce repertoire of zaju in Song Dynasty, yuanben in Jin Period, and biographies of play writers in this dictionary. (submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Ming Qing wu yu ci dian 明清吴语词典. By Shi Rujie, Miyata Ichiro̅. Shanghai: Shanghai ci shu chu ban she, 2004. This dictionary is particularly useful for understanding pre-modern vernacular fiction and scripts of drama/opera, when Wu dialect appears in certain dialogue or conventional expressions.(submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Yuan qu shi ci 元曲释词. Edited by Gu Xueji and Wang Xueqi. Beijing: Zhongguo she hui ke xue yuan chu ban she, 1983. Besides the expressions in Yuanzaju, the entries provide their usage in later literary and theatrical genres, such as huabenxiaoshuo, southern drama/opera, chuanqi.(submitted by Lizhen Wang)

  • A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China 中国古代官名辞典. By Charles O. Hucker. Beijing Shi: Beijing da xue chu ban she, 2008. Located in Asian Library reference (non-cirlutaing) section. Call Number: JQ 1512. 213. T574. 2008. This is the standard guide for translating Chinese official titles into English. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Zhongguo gu dian xiao shuo yong yu ci dian 中國古典小說用語辭典. By Tian Zongyao. Taibei: Lianjing chuban shiye gongsi, 1985. This is a useful tool for understanding some local dialect and old languages in Chinese vernacular literature, specifically for the period of Song, Yuan, and Qing. The entry is organized by the stroke count of the first character of a phrase. Each entry has an explanation, followed by a specific example from a literary work. (Submitted by Michelle An)

  • Zhongguo daojiao da cidian 中國道教大辭典. Edited by Min Zhiting and Li Yangzheng. Taizhong: Dongjiu qiye, 1988. The Daoist dictionary is one of the most comprehensive dictionaries available. Includes citations. The text uses complex characters. (Submitted by Nathan Brine.)
  • Daojiao da cidian 道教大辭典. This dictionary is in many ways similar to the Zhongguo daojiao da cidian, however this work is available in the reference section of the Asian Library. Simplified characters. (Submitted by Nathan Brine.)
  • Wenlin Software A useful computerized version of John DeFrancis's ABC Chinese-English dictionary. (Submitted by Nathan Brine.)
  • Hanʼguk Hanchaŏ sajŏn (韓國漢字語辤典). 1992-1996. By Tanʼguk Taehakkyo Pusŏl Tongyanghak Yŏnʼguso (檀國大學校 附設 東洋學硏究所). 4 volumes (6,000 characters and 150,000 words in classical Chinese), mostly classical Chinese characters and words used only in Korea and their usage examples from classical Korean texts. (TY)
  • Han-Han taesajŏn (漢韓大辭典). 1999-2008. By Tanʼguk Taehakkyo Pusŏl Tongyanghak Yŏnʼguso (檀國大學校 附設 東洋學硏究所). 16 volumes (55,000 characters and 450,000 words in classical Chinese), usage examples from thousands classical texts in East Asia. (TY)

Week 4: People

  • China Biographical Database Project (CBDB). The project was initiated by the Harvard Yenching Institute, and developed by the collaboration of the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies at Harvard University, Institute of History and Philology of Academia Sinica, and Center for Research on Ancient Chinese History at Peking University. As of January 2012, CBDB has covered 116,150 biographies in the Chinese history. The CBDB project reached major biographical information through enormous quantity of individuals and databases, including literary collections, liezhuan (列傳), modern syntheses of biographical data, etc. For detailed information of the CBDB coverage and sources, see: (submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing period (1644-1912). Editor: Arthur William Hummel. Che̓ng Wen Publishing House, Taipei, 1967. The dictionary covers more than eight hundred biographies prepared by fifty oriental and occidental specialists in fields of Chinese language, history and literature. Due to the limit of space, the general estimate of the Chinese biographical literature which forms the chief source of materials can be found in the "Preface" written by Hu Shih (胡適). One of the main highlights of this biographical dictionary is that apart from biographical information, the dictionary also contains account of political, intellectual and cultural history, which can provide rich materials for both general readers and those of the specializing student of history. (submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • A Biographical & Bibliographical Dictionary of Chinese Authors 中国著作家辞典. Complied by Charies K. H. Chen (陈澄之). Published by Oriental Society, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire. New York City, 1971. As a guide to the important authors and their works, this dictionary combies authors’ biographies with bibliographies in a systematic order. Each entry introduces an author’s names(including zi, hao, penname and pseudonym), dates of death both in western and Chinese calendar, native town, close relatives, works written or edited by him/her, and reference for the above information. A useful General Reference Bibliography which includes 194 Chinese bibliographies and 11 English ones is also provided. (submitted by Lizhen, Wang)
  • Who’s Who in Modern China中国名人传. By Max Perleberg. Hong Kong: Ye Olde Printerie, Ltd.1954. It provides “Over two thousand detailed biographies of the most important men” during the period of 1912 to 1954. Detailed histories of two major political parties and governments—Chinese National Party(Guomindang) and The Chinese National Government, and The Communist Party of China(Gongchandang) and The Central People’s Government of Communist China are introduced. A glossary of contemporary terms together with a double index in Chinese and English and two charts is also useful tool for translation of political-related Chinese material into English of the period. (submitted by Lizhen, Wang)
  • Zhong guo li dai ren ming da ci dian 中国历代人名大辞典. By Zhang Huizhi,Shen Qiwei and Liu Dezhong. Shanghai: Shanghai gu ji chu ban she, 1999. An extensive dictionary, covering over 54500 biographies of Chinese from ancient times till 1912, aims to exceed the scope of中国人名大辞典, a well-known extensive biographical dictionary of Chinese edited by Zang Lihe and first published by the Commercial Press in June,1921. Each entry provides people’s name (including zi, and hao), dates of death, historical period and native town, close relatives, works, and reference for the above information. With a strokes-based index, it is very convenient to use. (submitted by Lizhen, Wang)
  • Qing dai qi bai ming ren zhuan清代七百名人传. By Cai Guanluo蔡冠洛. Shanghai:World Press,1937. According to Cai’s preface, this three-volume work is based on both official historical record of The Veritable Records of the Qing and unofficial records. 713 of important and influential figures of Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) are categorized into 6 spheres—politics, military, industry, academy, art and revolution. There are four foreigners’ biographies included in the end. A chronology of key events of Qing, three tables of distribution of eminent persons according to time periods/ region/ categories applied in this work, and an index of those persons’ variant and posthumous names. (submitted by Lizhen, Wang)
  • Ri ben de zhong guo xue jia日本的中国学家 Japanese Sinologist. By严绍璗Yan Shaodang. Beijing: Zhong guo she hui ke xue yuan chu ban she, 1979. It provides 1105 Japanese sinologists’ academic biographies and their 10345 works, in an alphabetical order according to pinyin reading of their names. Under each entry, Japanese reading is also provided. It has an index of categorized names.(submitted by Lizhen, Wang)
  • Biographical Dictionary of Chinese women/Lily Xiao Hong Lee and A.D. Stefanowska, Editors-in-chief. The multivolume series cover the Qing Period, 1644-1911, the Twentieth Century, 1912-2000, and Antiquity through Sui, 1600 B.C.E-618 C.E. Several key features: 1. The ambitious series aim at "compile under one title biographies of Chinese women throughout history and furnish more complete biographical data on individual Chinese women than presently exists in the general dictionaries that have been published in the past decades". 2. A large number of women specializing in education, literature, film, and arts are mainly covered in the series, including poets, essayists, critics, intrepid women performers esp. in the 1930s and 1940s. 3. In the Twentieth Century volume, some women who stepped into the "unconventional" realms and made their names, such as policy and law enforcement, media, industry, commerce, science and technology, even military. 4. The book lists women in a "Finding List by Background or Fields of Endeavor" according to the field of study. 5. A detailed list references of women writer is provided after the entry to help readers get access to her works, along with the critical articles about this particular writer and her literary creation. 6. Sixty-five scholars around the world participated in selecting and writing entries for the volumes. (submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Biographical Dictionary of Chinese communism 1921-1965. By Donald W. Klein and Anne B. Clark. Vols. I and II. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971. The two volumes contain 433 biographical sketches of Chinese communist elites, including a handful of non-communists who worked for the Peking Government in 1945-1965, an impressive sources for readers to approach those political profiles of men and women who had contributed to the Chinese Communist movement and the government from the establishment of to the eve of Cultural Revolution in 1965. (Submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Resources of author studies in Modern Chinese literature: Edited by Kirk A. Denton, Modern Chinese Literature and Culture (MCLC) is a scholarly journal focusing on literature of all genres, film, television, popular culture, etc. The recent and corresponding outcomes for author studies of modern and contemporary literary realm is listed on this website for researchers to get familiarized with the latest research trend of individual literary figure. (submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Beijing Tianjin difangzhi renwu zhuanji suoyin 北京天津地方志人物傳記索引. By Gao Xiufang. Biography index of Beijing and Tianjin gazetteers. (Submitted by Nathan Brine.)
  • Zhongguo jinxiandai renwu zhuanji ziliao suoyin 中國近現代人物傳記索引. By Wang Jixiang. Index of biographies. (Submitted by Nathan Brine.)
  • Qing ren shi ming bie cheng zi hao suo yin 清人室名別稱字號索引 (增補本). By Tingfu Yang and Tongfu Yang. Shanghai: Shanghai gu ji chu ban she, 2001. In volume shang (上), the entry is organized by the stroke count of the first character of a person's alternative name, and in volume xia (下), the entry is organized by the the stroke count of a person's last name. In addition to the alternative names of each person, volume xia (下) also lists that person's birth place and style names. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Li dai ming ren shi ming bie hao ci dian 历代名人室名别号辞典 (增订本). By Xiuyun Chi. Taiyuan: Shanxi gu ji chu ban she, 1998. The entry is organized by the stroke count of the first character of a person's alternative name, and each entry has a brief biographical account of that person. There is also a index of names in the back, which is organized by the stroke count of a person's last name. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • 20c zhong guo ren wu zhuan ji zi liao suo yin. 20世纪中国传记资料索引. by Fu Dehua. Shanghai: shanghai ci shu chu ban she. 2010. This is an expanded version, adding in people from 1900-1911 and people from 1949-2000. It covered over 48,000 people. The resource is based on newspaper, biographies and etc. In the appendix in the back of this book, some China-related foreigners are included.
  • Zhong guo wen xue jia da ci dian. 中国文学家大辞典。By Cao Daoheng etc. Beijing: Zhong hua shu ju. This collection of seven volumes are divided by different time in China, starting fron Xian Qin to May Fourth Movement. The content includes name, alias, life and literary experience, literary creation(survival situation as well).
  • Song Ren zhuan ji zi liao suo yin.宋人传记资料索引。 By Chang Bide, Wang Deyi. Taiwan: Ding Wen Shu Ju. 1974.
  • Song Ren zhuan ji zi liao suo yin bu bian.宋人传记资料索引补编。By Li Guoling etc. Chengdu: Sichuan Daxue Chu ban she. This book expands on the previous book by Chang Bide, to almost twice as many as the previous one.

**Ming Materials: Except for the medical figures dictionary, most of these items were cited by all three research guides we use for class. Submitted by Sarah Basham.**

  • Dictionary of Ming Biography, 1368-1644. 1976. 2 vols. Edited by L. Carrington Goodrich and Chaoying Fang. New York and London: Columbia University Press. This book is without a doubt the most comprehensive source for first-look information on famous folks of the Ming dynasty. Contains comprehensive references to the works authored by each individual and biographical data from other sources. Provides a useful starting place from which to uncover the major relevant primary sources on a particular person (so long as they have covered your person at all).
  • Ming ren zhuanji ziliao suoyin 明人傳記資料索引. 1965. Reprint 1978. 2 vols. Compiled by Chang Bide et al. Taibei: Zhong yang tu shu guan. Much like the Dictionary of Ming Biography, this is an excellent guide to primary sources on Ming dynasty figures. However, the people I often seek are not included in it. This reference tool is not as comprehensive as its title implies. Moreover, this is not a dictionary, but rather and index to a collection of biographical materials. The index itself tells you little, but directs you to sources the book itself has compiled.
  • Ming dai zhuanji congkan suoyin 明代傳記叢刊索引. 1991. 3 vols. Edited by Zhou Junfu. Taipei: Ming wen shu ju. This is an index to a far more comprehensive collection of biographical materials on Ming dynasty figures than the one listed above. The entries look some what incomprehensible unless one has the actual collection within reach. Nonetheless, once you figure out the system, this also provides a wealth of places to look for primary sources. For Chinese reference tools, I will probably start here in the future.
  • Gu jin tushu jicheng zhong Ming ren zhuanji suoyin 古今圖書集成中明人傳記索引. 1963. Edited by Zhang Qun 章羣. Hong Kong: Ming dai zhuan ji bian zuan wei yuan hui. Index of mentions of famous Ming people in the Gu jin tushu jicheng, a Kangxi-period lei shu 類書 (encyclopedia? category book?). I was impressed by the scope of this collection.
  • Chen Bangxian 陳 邦 賢, & Yan Lingzhou 嚴 菱 舟. 1956. Zhongguo yi xue ren ming zhi 中 國 醫 學 人 名 志. Beijing: Ren min wei sheng chu ban she. This source, the only one I currently know of its kind, contains short biographies with no citations. Not particularly useful for research.

Week 5: Geography

  • Tan Qixiang 譚其驤. Zhongguo li shi di tu ji 中國曆史地圖集. Hong Kong: San lian shudian, 1982. Wilkinson describes this reference work in glowing terms. Each volume is devoted to a dynasty, in the case of the Ming and Qing, or several dynasties, for all periods prior to the Ming. This work is extremely useful for providing provincial-size detailed maps of administrative districts and important geographic sites (rivers/mountains). Wilkinson describes this work as the best for observing changing administrative borders, but I have not yet been able to test whether or not it would track changing borders within a single dynasty, rather than between dynasties. (Submitted by Sarah Basham)
  • Zang Lihe 藏勵龢, et al., compilers. Zhongguo gu jin di ming da cidian 中國古今地名大辭典. Shanghai: Shangwu chubanshe, 1930. Elman lists the following reprints: Taibei: Taiwan shang wu, 1972; Hong Kong: Shang wu, 1982. This seems to be a fairly comprehensive resource. Our library has two editions of this book, but also another compilation by the same name:
    • Dai Junliang 戴均良et al., Zhongguo gu jin di ming da cidian 中國古今地名大词典. Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, 2005. This work is also useful, thought I cannot attest to its comprehensiveness. While it contained the rather famous place names I looked up, both of which are actually allusions to famous philosophers who lived in those places, it may not cover more obscure references as comprehensively. The dictionary explained the allusions as well as the locations of the places. (Submitted by Sarah Basham)
  • Zhongguo gudai lishi dituji 中國古代歷史地圖集. Liaoning: Liaoning jiaoyu, 1992. Wilkinson quotes, "For a one-volume historical atlas that shows military campaigns as well as administrative changes..." (p.144). I do not have access to this book, but I wish that I did! Understanding major military campaigns would be very helpful for understanding the spatial and temporal location of the figures I write about during their lifetimes. (Submitted by Sarah Basham.)
  • Chiao-min Hsieh, Jean Kan Hsieh. China : a Provincial Atlas. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1995. The atlas is reserved at UBC, and it can not be taken outside the learning center. It seems to be a very practical and relatively comprehensive reference for Western readers who intend to get an overall perspective of Chinese landscape of both physical and historical attributes. The statistics reaches the year of 1990. The aim of the atlas is to bring the richness and variety of Chinese land to the Western public. It contains maps that illustrate China's social and physical characteristics. The atlas contains texts and accompanying maps. The overall features of China as a whole and the individual political units within China as two parts constitute this atlas. (Submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Wu Yuexing 武月星, compiler. Zhongguo xiandai shi ditu ji 中國現代史地圖集. Beijing: Zhongguo ditu chubanshe, 1997. The atlas covers the history of Chinese modern period from 1919 (May-fourth movement) to 1949 (the establishment of PRC). The compilers spent 11 years and tried to incorporate the history of that particular period of time when military, social, political, an economic changes occurred, coupled with photos and maps. For those who want to get a comprehensive overview of the military confrontation during that period, the atlas is worth reading. (Submitted by Zhu, Min)

军阀割据示意图.jpg 军阀割据文字.jpg

  • Caroline Blunden and Mark Elvin, Cultural Atlas of China. Oxford: Phaidon Press, 1983. The major feature of the atlas is the interplay of rich illustrations, tables, photographs, texts, and accompanying maps. In spite of the poor treatment of the contemporary scenes, the atlas provides informative chronological history of Chinese culture, including calligraphy, drama, religion, to mention only some of them. (Submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Zhongguo gu jin di ming da ci dian中国古今地名大词典, published by Shanghai Cishu chubanshe, Shanghai, 2005. Compared with the comprehensive geography dictionary edited by Zang Lihe, this work provides more than sixty thousands entries in 10,000,000 words, far more exceeded the length of the previous one. Each entry provides ancient, previous, and current names of each place, clarifying historical, administrative information. One outstanding feature is of that it contains hundreds of illustrations, as well as administrative maps of both state and provincial levels. Twenty-four historical maps and one complete chronology of China are also included. (submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Zhong guo li shi di ming da ci dian 中国历史地名大辞典, by 魏嵩山. Guangzhou: Guangdong jiaoyu chubanshe, 1995. It provides places’ information of China before 1949. One interesting feature of it is that lots of references from literature works, such as shi, ci, and fu are cited, which provides some clues for researching background of literature works.(submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Zhong hua ren min gong he guo di ming da ci dian 中华人民共和国地名大词典. Beijing: Shang wu yin shu guan, 1998. ed. Naifu Cui 崔乃夫. Written in simplified Chinese characters, this six volume dictionary provides detailed information on Chinese provinces, cities and counties within each province, as well as xiang 乡and towns within each county. Each entry has a brief note on its geographical location, population, history, and historical names under different administrative entities. Volume 6 has pinyin index and stroke index. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Zhong guo li shi di ming da ci dian 中国历史地名大辞典. Beijing: Zhong guo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2005. ed. Weile Shi 史为乐. This dictionary has two volumes. It is organized by the stroke count of the first character of each entry. Each entry provides information of its geographical location, history, and historical names. Some entry may have information of various historical and literary reference of this specific location. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Chinese Civilization in Time and Space. Academia Sinica created an online database of geographical information for Chinese history. It conveniently provides a search engine for names of historical places in Chinese history fundamentally based on maps in Dr. Tan's "The Historical Atlas of China" covering from the ancient time to the Qing period. (TY)

Week 6: Institutions, Time, and Measures

  • Zhongguo Lidai Guan Zhi Da Cidian 中國歷代官制大辭典(Greater dictionary of Chinese official offices throughout the dynasties), compiled by Lü, Zongli. 呂宗力. Published: Beijing : Beijing chu ban she : Xin hua shu dian Beijing fa xing suo jing xiao, 1994.北京:北京出版社:新華書店北京發行所經銷, 1994. The dictionary covers the period from Xian Qin 先秦 (Pre-Qin)to the end of Qing Dynasty 清亡, incorporating the 21659 entries. It is comprised of officials' titles(Guan ming, 官名), their alternatives, abbreviated names, system of officials, and various institutions such as official election, officials' salary, clothes, letters, and so forth of both central and local governments. The dictionary was compiled in simplified characters and index was organized by Bihua 筆劃. The contents in each entry was elaborated in chronological order. The two appendices are highlighted by a detailed list of officials' hierarchy from Han to Qing dynasty (Li dai zhi guan pin wei biao 歷代職官品位表) and tables of central institutions from Qin to Late Qing (Li dai zhong yang ji gou jian biao 歷代中央機構簡表). (Submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Hucker, Charles O. A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China. 中國古代官名詞典, Beijing Shi : Beijing da xue chu ban she, 2008. 北京市:北京大學出版社,2008. The dictionary has 8291 entries, including the major officials' titles, agency names and related terminology from those incorporated in Zhou guan (周官) to late Qing period. The main goal of this compilation is to unfold the structure and its changes of China's official institutions of successive dynasties, rather than covering every single detail of each official title or agency names. A long introduction before the main body of the dictionary offers description of governmental organization dynasty by dynasty from Zhou to Qing. The dictionary is a great reference for both specialists and amateurs in terms of translation or in-depth research of premodern Chinese times. (Submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Zhong guo nian li zong pu 中國年曆總譜(The Chronological Table of Chinese History), compiled by Dong Zuobin董作賓. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1960. This table includes two parts: Part I covers 2674 years to the year 1B.C. in two sections—one covers Years and Reigns; the other gives the full calendar of Years, Reigns, Months and Days; Part II covers 2000 years from A.D.1,giving the full calendar. Example of the way to use the table is provided with detailed explanation. There are seven appendices: two chronological tables; three related to Julian Calendar; one shows the days by Solar Calendar; A Conversion Table of Western Years and Chinese Cycles. (Submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Zhong guo li shi ji nian biao 中國歷史歷史紀年表 complied by Wang Guoding萬國鼎, revised by Wang Sinian萬斯年 and Chen Mengjia 陳夢家. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1978. This work consists of several concise Chinese chronological tables. The content covers all the time periods since Xizhou. It provides a way of convert dates between Chinese “ganzhi” chronology and Western calendar. An index organized by the stroke number of single characters is also provided. The table of comparison between Chinese and Japanese chronology might be useful for those working on both sides. (Submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Wan Ming qu jia nian pu 晚明曲家年谱Chronicles of Late Ming dramatists by Xu Shuofang 徐朔方. Hangzhou: Zhejiang guji chubanshe,1993. This work combines the function of biographies and a chronology of a certain period of literature. It provides 39 dramatists’ chronicles within three volumes, divides the content according to the places where the dramatists mainly lived. The interactions regarding literature among these dramatists’ are also its focus. Each entry has both traditional Chinese date and western calendar. (Submitted by Lizhen Wang)
  • Zhong guo jin dai guan zhi ci dian. 中国近代官制词典 by 邱远猷。Beijing, Zhong guo tu shu chu ban she,1997. This book, different from the 中國歷代官制大辭典, mainly covers Qing dynasty, Taiping Rebellion, and Beiyang Warlord periods. (submitted by Xin Chen.)
  • This website can be used for quick reference. It gives the information about what level this title is, but no specific content of what this title does. Besides, search language needs to be simplified Chinese. for example:


  官名。汉以为御史大夫之佐,亦称御史中执法,秩千石,在殿中兰台掌图籍秘书;外督部刺史,监察郡国行政;内领侍御史,考察四方文书计簿,按劾公卿章奏。西汉末,御史大夫改名大司空,中丞遂为御史台长官。从东汉到南北朝,中丞的权威颇重,曹操一度改称宫正。此时御史大夫废置不常。北魏一度改中丞为中尉。北齐仍以中丞为台长。隋讳“中”(与“忠”同音),有大夫而无中丞。唐、宋大夫、中丞并置,而大夫往往缺位,仍以中丞为台长。唐中丞秩正四品下。明改御史台为都察院,副都御史即相当于前代的御史中丞。因副都御史常出任巡抚,清各省巡抚例兼右都副御史官衔,故明、清巡抚亦称中丞。 However, considering that it's confusing that titles mean differently at different dynasties,so it might be useful.(submitted by Xin Chen)

  • A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China, by Charles Hucker. Stanford Univ Press,1984. This dictionary has a introduction of governmental organization era by era before its dictionary part. It's arranged in Wade-Giles alphabetical order. Its shortcoming: only around 600 pages so it's not inclusive. (submitted by Xin Chen)
  • Zhongguo li shi nian biao 中國歷史年表. By Zifen Mo 莫子奮. This reference book provides Chinese chronology from the legendary figure youchaoshi 有巢氏 to 1945. Each chronological entry provides information on the western year, name of the dynasty, name of the emperor, ganzhi 干支, year of the emperor's reign, and the important events happened in that year. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Gong Nong Hui Dai Yi Zang Fo he Rulveri duizhao biao 公農回傣彝藏佛和儒略日對照表 (Comparative calendar for Western, Chinese, Muslim, Hui, Dai, Yi, Tibetan, Buddhist calendars, and Julian day numbers, AD 622-2050), Wang Huanchun et al. Kexue 1991. An easy-to-use concordance for the various calendars in the title. Although dates are listed from AD 622, only after the year 1840 is a full two pages full of different conversions provided for each year. In other words if you need to compare any of the above calendars, and the year is post-1839 this book is very helpful. Also provides Tiangan dizhi, jieqi, and days of the week. (Submitted by Nathan)

*Liang qian nian zhong guo li shi jian biao 两千年中国历史简表. Jinan: Shan dong you yi chu ban she, 2000. ed. Zuozhang An 安作璋. This reference book not only provide chronology of Chinese history, it also contains several useful charts, such as 历代行政区划表, 历代官职表,历代田亩面积简表,历代度量衡简表,历代选官制度简表. (Submitted by Michelle An)

  • Zhongguo nianli jianpu 中國年曆簡譜, Dong Zuobin. This Taiwanese publication presents a cleanly laid-out and easy-to-use chronological concordance. From 2674 BCE to 2000 CE. Includes Western date year, Julian date, reign and dynastic info, nongli, ganzhi etc. (Submitted by Nathan.)
  • 顧廷龍 Gu Tinglong. Zhongguo lidai ri he zhong xi ri duizhao biao 中國歷代日和中西歷日對照表. 1 Vol. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 2007. This is a handy one volume source that gives three date equivalencies for every lunar month from the Western Han to 1949 (first day, middle, and last day). Much like Dong Zuobin's work, but with a more limited range. The dates I checked were all correct. (Submitted by Sarah)
  • "Shi tong suoyin" 十通索引. Taiwan: Shangwu chubanshe, 1935. This collection (cited by Wilkinson 524-527), is an index to several sets of historical works that chronicle changes in dynastic institutions. The corresponding editions of these histories are kept with the index in the reference section. Although they are in classical Chinese, these histories provide good information on how the people of each period viewed dynastic institutions, and more interestingly, change within those institutions. Histories from the Tang, Song, Ming and Qing are available. (Submitted by Sarah)
  • Qiu Guangming 邱光明. Zhongguo kexue jishu shi 中國科學技術史. 度量衡卷. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe, 1997. This work has short chapters on measurements in each dynasty. These chapters are placed after a long chapters each on a different category of measurement (length, weight, etc.). If you need information on how to translate a measurement, this book probably has it, but you might have to sort through a lot of info to find it. Other sources might provide more convenient tables (like Wilkinson and "Hanyu da cidian"). (Submitted by Sarah)
  • An Index to the Terms and Titles in “Governmental Organizations of the Ming Dynasty” by Charles Hucker. In Studies of Governmental Institutions in Chinese History edited by John L. Bishop. It is a good edited book to browse the institutional history of China. (TY)
  • DDBC Time Authority Database (時間規範檢索). It is more like an online and searchable version of 東方年表 published by 平楽寺書店 in Japan. Easy to compare different historical time periods in China, Japan, and Korea. Be advised that some translations from classical Chinese to other languages are not correct. (TY)

Week 7: Locating Books: Si ku

  • Si ku xi lie cong shu mu lu & suo yin 四庫系列叢書目錄·索引 (Contents and Index of Book Series under the Four Treasuries) Shanghai: Shanghai gu ji chu ban she, 2007. There is a searchable online version of the index that is maintained by Shang hai fu dan university: [四庫系列叢書綜合索引 (復旦大學圖書館古籍部)] (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Chi zao tang si ku quan shu hui yao 摛藻堂四库全书荟要 中國哲學書電子化計劃. photocopied version online. Hui yao is edited for Qian Long Emperor solely, thus this book has less falsified content, and extract the essence of Si Ku Quan Shu. Only more important (considered at that time) are collected in. I am not sure if this collection is a full version though.(Submitted by Xin Chen)

P.S. It has 欽定四庫全書 online as well, but only partially. that is, 影印古籍 欽定四庫全書·經部一·易類,欽定四库全書经部总目經部,影印古籍 欽定四庫全書·經部·見語類,影印古籍 欽定四庫全書·史部·正史.

  • Si ku jing ji ti yao suo yin,四库经籍提要索引。by 国立中央图书馆编印,民国83年。 This index does not cover as much as the Si Ku series. But it's a collection of some 提要 in Qing Dynasty as well as afterwards. Books included are: 本索引蒐錄通考、續通考、清通考、續清通考,四庫全書總目及其補正、辨證、未蒐錄書目、續修四庫全書等九種古籍提要中所包括的書名及著者,分別編製索引,以利讀者依此二線索找尋提要出處。全書分書名索引及人名索引二部份。 This is a book pulled out by somebody else. I just recorded it here. (Xin Chen)
  • Jangseogak Royal Archives at the Academy of Korean Studies Basic services in English, Chinese, and Japanese are available. Click ‘Old books (고도서 古圖書)’ and go to one of its subcategories ‘Text image (원문 이미지 原文 image).’ Rare books are categorized based on the Siku system. Scanned or digitized rare books are available online. (TY)
  • Seoul National University Library Basic services in English are available. When the Seoul National University was one of the Japanese imperial universities (帝國大學) during the Japanese colonial period, scholars collected a number of East Asian rare books and established special collections. (TY)
  • Kyujanggak Institute The institute at Seoul National University has the largest amount of old books and documents (古文獻 and 古文書) in South Korea. If you are not familiar with Korean language, please find and click the 원문자료 검색 (Search for scanned or digitized original materials) or 소장자료 검색 (Catalogue search) button under the 자료검색 (資料檢索 Search) bar. The English webpage of the Kyujanggak Institute has limited search function and results. (TY)
  • Li Xueqin 李學勤 et al. Siku da ci dian 四库大辞典. Jilin: Jilin Daxue chubanshe, 1996. This title contains short entries on each text in the Siku quanshu zong mu tiyao 四庫全書總目提要 and Xuxiu siku quanshu zong mu tiayao 續修四庫全書總目提要. It claims to have included a great many pre-1930 titles outside of those collections. It claims to be almost comprehensive. For early works this may be the case. It provides basic background on the author of a text and the content, and will list extant editions. It occasionally makes mistakes when there are two books with the same title or similar. This is an excellent place to turn for basic background on a text, or a title your author mentions, but is not the place to stop when searching for the best edition of a text, or the most authoritative history of its editions. (Submitted by Sarah)
  • Nanjing Library 南京圖書館, ed., Zhongguo guji shanben 中國古籍善本. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2009. This book gives the locations of rare editions of books held in China. This is an essential supplement to searching the online catalogues of libraries in Mainland China, Taiwan, Europe and Japan. (Sarah)
  • An Pingqiu 安平秋 and Zhang Peiheng 章培恆, eds., Zhongguo jinshu daguan 中國禁書大觀. Shanghai: Shanghai wenhua chubanshe, 1990. Gives an account of why certain kinds of books were banned in certain periods. Gives detailed information on certain books from each period, but is not comprehensive. The info is often in part a hagiography of the author. This is not a great stopping place, but is a good starting place to get a feel for why a certain book might have been banned. (Sarah)

Week 8: Locating Books: Catalogs and Collectanea

  • Add your entries here...
  • Xue shu xun lian yu xue shu gui fan: zhong guo shi yan jiu zi liao ru men, by Rong Xinjing.学术训练与学术规范:中国史研究资料入门。北京大学出版社,2011。This book has a good introduction of collectanea,compilation of catalogs by bibliophiles,library rare book catalog introduction as well as e-text searching.(submitted by Xin Chen)
  • Qing dai wen ji pian mu fen lei suo yin 清代文集篇目分類索引. ed. by Chongmin Wang 王重民and Dianxun Yang楊殿珣. Beijing: Beijing tu shu guan chu ban she, 2003. This book was first published in 1935 by Beiping tu shu guan, modern day Chinese national library. The editor put the lists of works into three basic categories, academic works, biographical works, and miscellaneous works. Useful indexes are provided in the beginning of the book. (submitted by Michelle An)
  • Zhongguo jin dai gu ji chu ban fa xing shi liao cong kan中国近代古籍出版發行史料叢刊(全二十八冊). ed. by shu xu徐蜀 and Anli Song宋安莉. Beijing: Beijing tu shu guan chu ban she, 2003. This collection contains collectanea that are published from late Qing to the Republican period, including official sponsored publications, unofficial sponsored publications, individual collectanea, and collectanea regard to Buddhism. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Zhongguo tong su xiao shuo zong mu ti yao中國通俗小說總目提要. ed. by jiang su sheng she hui ke xue yuan ming qing xiao shuo yan jiu zhong xin 江苏省社会科学院明清小说研究中心. Beijing: Beijing wen lian chu ban gong si, 1990. This book lists Chinese vernacular novels, its author, abstract of the main plot, and names of each works chapters. There are pinyin index and stroke index at the end of the book. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • == Week 8: Locating Books: Catalogs and Collectanea ==
  • Xue shu xun lian yu xue shu gui fan: zhong guo shi yan jiu zi liao ru men, by Rong Xinjing.学术训练与学术规范:中国史研究资料入门。北京大学出版社,2011。This book has a good introduction of collectanea,compilation of catalogs by bibliophiles,library rare book catalog introduction as well as e-text searching.(submitted by Xin Chen)
  • Qing dai wen ji pian mu fen lei suo yin 清代文集篇目分類索引. ed. by Chongmin Wang 王重民and Dianxun Yang楊殿珣. Beijing: Beijing tu shu guan chu ban she, 2003. This book was first published in 1935 by Beiping tu shu guan, modern day Chinese national library. The editor put the lists of works into three basic categories, academic works, biographical works, and miscellaneous works. Useful indexes are provided in the beginning of the book. (submitted by Michelle An)
  • Zhongguo jin dai gu ji chu ban fa xing shi liao cong kan中国近代古籍出版發行史料叢刊(全二十八冊). ed. by shu xu徐蜀 and Anli Song宋安莉. Beijing: Beijing tu shu guan chu ban she, 2003. This collection contains collectanea that are published from late Qing to the Republican period, including official sponsored publications, unofficial sponsored publications, individual collectanea, and collectanea regard to Buddhism. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Zhongguo jindai xiandai congshu mulu 中國近代現代叢書目錄, Shanghai tu shu guan 上海圖書館.1979 i.e. 1980. It lists congshu published between 1902 and 1949 containing modern works. (Submitted by Zhu, Min) Mentioned in Wilkinson's manual as one of the two union catalogs available, the volume contains 5549 titles of congshu. Its appendix also provided an impressive list of the publishing dates and respective titles from 1902 to 1949. (Submitted by Zhu, Min)
  • Cambridge libraries congshu online resource: This list comprises 2,125 cong shu which contain 424,615 separate works, 175,290 of which (contained in 2,056 cong shu) are listed. The references are to the four major union cataglogs, including Zhongguo jindai xiandai congshu mulu 中國近代現代叢書目錄 (Shanghai, 1979), zhongguo congshu guanglu 1(zong mu) 中國叢書廣錄1(總目) (Wuhan, 1999), Zhongguo congshu zonglu xubian 中國叢書宗錄續編 (Beijing, 2003), Zhongguo congshu zonglu 1(zongmu) 中國叢書宗錄1(總目)(Shanghai, 1959). The coverage might not be comprehensive, yet handy for researchers at the starting point for obtaining information of a congshu's location, reference, titles included, and so forth. The project is incomplete and still in progress. (Min)
  • Zhonghua shu ju 中華書局. Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編. 2011. The compilation of this project commenced from Shang wu yin shuguan 商務印書館. The latter started it from 1937, with the completion of publishing 3467 volumes. Zhonghua shu ju then published the rest 533 volumes and released the entire 4000 volumes in the year 2011. (Min)
  • Online version of the Congshu jicheng xubian 叢書集成續編. Shanghai shudian chuban she 上海书店出版社. 1994.——the continuation of Shang wu yin shu guan, Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編. (Min)
  • Chen Zhanghuang can bian 陽海清编撰;陳彰璜參编. Zhongguo cong shu guang lu 中國叢書廣錄. Wuhan Shi: Hubei ren min chu ban she 武汉市: 湖北人民出版社, 1999. As a complement to Zhongguo congshu zonglu 中國叢書宗錄, the two volumes (index and zongmu 總目) did not include the overlapped titles. However, it contains those whose titles were altered, editions different, and the number of volumes added or reduced. (Min)

Qu hai zong mu ti yao曲海总目提要 (Comprehensive catalogue and summary on thousands of lyrics).[QHZMTY] by Dong Kang (1867-1967). It was based on Yuefu kaolue and Chuanqihuikao, two catalogues on Chinese plays compiled in Kangxi Era(1662-1722). Beijing: Ren min wen xue shu ban she, May, 1959. This catalogue consists of 46 juan, including 684 summary chuanqi and zaju. Each entry not only provides the synopsis, but also gives author’s name, reference to the content of the play, as well as some brief comment. (Lizhen)

Qu hai zong mu ti yao bu bian曲海总目补编 Supplement to Comprehensive Catalogue and Summary on Thousands of Lyrics. By Du Yintao杜颖陶. Through comparing several editions Chuan qi hui kao, Du included plays not in QHZMTY collection, but in Chuan qi hui kao. This work was first published in 1936 by Shanghai shijie shuju. Beijing: ren min wen xue chu ban she, 1959.(Lizhen)

Gu ben xi qu cong kan古本戲曲叢刊 (Collectanea of ancient edition of works on dramatic prosody). Compiled by Zheng Zhenduo 郑振铎 and 吴晓铃Wu Xiaoling. Beijing: Institute of literature in Chinese Academy of Humanities. This project aimed to compile nine collections, sofar it has collected 767 plays, covering all the genre of traditional Chinese plays. Many rare, unique editions are selected. (Lizhen)

Shan ben xi qu cong kan善本戲曲叢刊 (Collectanea of rare editions of works on dramatic prosody) Compiled by Wang Qiugui王秋桂, Taibei: xuesheng shuju.It consists of 104 volumes, including anthology of kunqiang, yiyangqiang, huidiao, and popular songs during Ming and Qing. (Lizhen)

  • 國立中正大學圖書館 國內圖書館圖書虛擬聯合目錄 including 全國圖書聯合目錄,中央研究院(Academia Sinica)etc. (Xin)
  • New Serial Titles: A Union List of Serials held by Libraries in the United States and Canada, by national congress. (Xin)
  • Min Guo Shi Qi Zong Shu Mu. 民国时期总书目。(xin)
  • Zhongguo congshu zonglu《中國叢書綜錄》, Shanghai Library, compilers, Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1986. This is the first and most basic of the congshu compilations. 中國叢書廣錄 and 中國叢書總目續編 are expansions and supplements to this work. This is a good place to start looking for a text that might be in a congshu besides the Siku series. Several supplements, like the two listed in this entry (and submitted above by others) must be used to supplement this work. Wilkinson suggests, for titles possibly contained in congshu published after 1902, 中國近代現代叢書目錄 (also listed above) (Sarah).
  • Zhongguo congshu mulu ji zimu suoyin huibian 中國叢書目錄及子目索引匯編. Nanjing daxue tushuguan and Nanjing daxue lishixi ziliao shi, compilers, Nanjing daxue chubanshe, 1982. Wilkinson also suggests this title as a supplement to 中國叢書綜目. It contains 977 additional congshu. (Sarah)
  • Chûgoku sôsho sôroku mishû Nichizô shomokukô 中國叢書總錄未收日藏書目稿. Li Ruiqing 李銳清, compiler, Jinbun, 1995. This is an essential supplement to 中國叢書綜錄 because it contains 852 works from Japanese collections that are not in that reference work. (Sarah)
  • Taiwan ge tushuguan xiancun congshu zimu suoyin 臺灣各圖書館現存叢書子目索引. Wang Baoxian 王寶先, compiler, 3 vols., part 1, 2 vols., title index; part 2, author index, CMC, 1975-1977. Similarly, this is a useful index of titles in congshu that are held in Taiwan.
  • Xue Qinglu 薛 清 錄 , et al., eds. Quanguo Zhongyi tushu lianhe mulu 全國中醫圖書聯合目錄. Beijing: Zhongyi guji chubanshe, 1990. This book is useful for getting a fairly comprehensive first glimpse of the medical books available on a certain topic. Although you can use it to find a certain title or titles by a certain author (has two indices) and what library holds them, because it is arranged chronologically within topical categories, you can get a feel for how many books are extant from a certain period of time on a particular medical specialty. (Sarah)
  • Imjin waeran saryo chʻongsŏ. Taemyŏng oegyo (壬辰倭亂史料叢書. 對明外交), compiled and edited by Han Myŏng-gi. A collection of diplomatic correspondence between Chosŏn Korea and Ming China during and after the seven-year Japanese invasion of Korea (1592-1598). (TY)
  • Ming Qing shi liao cong shu ba zhong (明清史料丛书八种) by Yu Hao (于浩). A collection of eight different collections of Ming Qing historical sources. (TY)

Week 9: Locating Books: Libraries

  • Chinese Text Initiative. The University of Virginia Library has been developing a website which provides full texts and English translations of Chinese literary works. The sources are still very limited, but they might be useful when Chinese Studies instructors teach non-Chinese first-year or second-year undergraduate students who are interested in Chinese literature. (by TY)
  • Toyo Bunko (東洋文庫 The Oriental Library). It is one of the largest Asian Studies libraries in Japan. It has acquired a great number of books and other source materials as well as the publication of research by Japanese scholars in the field of Asian history and culture. Catalogue search is available online. It also provides information on, as well as links to, how to access to books and source materials in the library and online databases. (by TY)

Week 10: Epigraphy

  • Daojia jinshi lue 道家金石略 (Collection of Daoist Epigraphy). Originally compiled by Chen Yuan 陈垣. Edited by Edited by Chen Zhichao 陈智超 and Zeng Qingying 曾庆瑛. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1988. The work contains more than 1500 Daoist inscriptions from the Han to the Ming. Majority of texts (882) are from the Jin-Yuan, many are connected with Quanzhen Daoism. Modern punctuation is used throughout. The work contains a master list of inscriptions, an abbreviated index of sources, a Chinese index by stroke order, and an index of inscriptions by Daoist location (for example The White Cloud Temple). (Nathan)
  • Yin zhou jin wen ji cheng 殷周金文集成 YZJWJC 18 volumes. Comprehensive bronze epigraphy collection, see Wilkinson’s introduction (Chinese history: A Manual,P431)(Lizhen)
  • Yin zhou jin wen ji cheng yin de 殷周金文集成引得 Index of Complete collection of Yinzhou bronze epigraphy. Edited by 张亚初. Beijing: zhonghua shuju, 2001.The main content of this work comes from YZJWJC. But the author drew on new research outcomes, as well as his own annotation on these texts. It provides both radical and stroke based indexes. Convenient to use. There is a contrast table on characters collected by and Bronze Epigraphy Compilation & Index.(lizhen)
  • Yin zhou jin wen ji cheng shi wen 殷周金文集成釋文 Text Annotation of Complete collection of Yinzhou bronze epigraphy. Edited by Institute of Archaeology of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Hong Kong: Institute of Chinese Studies at Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2001.This six-volume length work provides annotations to all the bronze epigraphy collected in the YZJWJC. Each Volume has an index which gives the number and name of a certain bronze, and the page number of the annotation of its text. Each entry includes a scaled-down version of the original bronze epigraphy, and annotated information including numbers of exist characters, time of the bronze, excavated time, and holding museum.(Lizhen)
  • Jin wen ren ming hui bian金文人名彙編 e-book available via UBC library (Lizhen)

  • Jin shi da zi dian金石大字典 (Comprehensive dictionary of bronze epigraphy)

Edited by 汪仁壽(靜山先生), first published by 求古齋書局, Shanghai, 1926. Reprinted by Yamazaki Masao, 株式会社マール社,Tokyo,1991.Both Chinese and Japanese can use this dictionary though its bihua and yinxun indexes. (Lizhen)

  • Kuhn, Dieter and Helga Stahl. Annotated bibliography to the Shike shiliao xinbian (Shih kʻo shih liao hsin pien, New edition of historical materials carved on stone). Heidelberg : Edition Forum, 1991. Available in Koerner Reference. This is an extremely detailed bibliography to to important collection of carvings, Shike shilioa xinbian. Not comprehensive. Focus is on materials up through the Song. (Sarah)
  • Shaughnessy, Edward L. Sources of Western Zhou history : inscribed bronze vessels. Berkeley : University of California Press, c1991. IK Barber Stacks DS747.13 .S52 1991. This is a great introductory text that explains, assuming no prior knowledge (except some Classical Chinese/Modern Chinese), how to read a bronze inscription. Also give historical background for important collections. (Sarah)

Writing difficult characters: (Sarah)

    • First, make sure you have a font installed that includes all (or most) Unicode Characters. The font, "hanazono," is offered for free here: This will also tell you whether or not your browser can already display the fonts used at Handy test page. This font does not display in Microsoft Word for Mac. It might display in Microsoft Word for Windows.
    • Second option, a font like SimSun Founder Extended (difficult to get, use your early China connections). This works in MS Word for Mac, but is not as comprehensive.
    • Once you have a font that includes all of unicode, you can search the Unicode database for characters that are difficult to type. You can then copy and paste them into your document:

If your character cannot be found in the Unicode database, there are a number of options you can resort to before having to draw the character yourself using a font creator.

    • For oracle bone inscriptions, try using the CHANT (CHinese ANcient Texts) database, from which you can copy many characters you otherwise would not be able to type. Good for finding oracle bone inscription characters (OBI) by searching within an inscription you are already reading. UBC does not subscribe to this, which is surprising given its utility for early Chinese studies. Has a searchable database (using traditional characters) for a wide corpus of early Chinese texts, up through the medieval period. Uses Sibu congkan editions.
    • For PC's, try the Japanese font, Mojikyo (文字鏡): This is expensive, but extremely good. Allows you to search multiple scripts, including Tangut characters.
    • Windows 7 and Windows XP (Chinese version) comes with a free "专用字符编辑程序." Look under "Start," search for it in the search bar. This also allows you to draw characters.

  • Ming qing shi ke wen xian quan bian明清石刻文獻全編. Three volumes. By Guojia tu shu guan shan ben jin shi zu國家圖書館善本金石組. (Beijing: Beijing tu shu guan chu ban she, 2003). It is a reprinted collection of Ming Qing texts on stone inscriptions from both scholarly collections and gazetteers. There is a detailed index of individual text in the beginning of the first volume, organized by county gazetteers from various reining periods during the MIng and Qing. In the index, each individual text is given its period. There is also a stroke-count index to look up the name of individual text at the end of volume 3. (Submitted by Michelle An)
  • Hai dong jin shi yuan (海東金石苑). By Liu Xihai (劉喜海). A Choson epigraphist Kim Chong-hui (金正喜) was sent to the Qing dynasty as an envoy in the early nineteenth century and gave Weng Fanggang(翁方綱) more than one hundred rubbings of inscriptions in Korea. Later, Liu Xihai transcribed and annotated the rubbings. (TY)
  • Tōkyō Toritsu Chūō Toshokan zō tokubetsu kaiage bunko mokuroku, shoka takuhon [東京道立中央圖書館藏 特別買上文庫目錄 諸家 拓本]. 1974. By Tōkyō Toritsu Chūō Toshokan (東京道立中央圖書館). A catalogue of Chinese and Korean rubbings in the Tokyo Provincial Library. They generally look like the rubbings of well-known inscriptions. (TY)

Week 11

  • CHINOPERL Papers "The focus of CHINOPERL Papers is on literature connected to oral performance, broadly defined as any form of verse or prose that has elements of oral transmission, and, whether currently or in the past, performed either formally on stage or informally as a means of everyday communication. Such "literature" includes widely-accepted genres such as the novel, short story, drama, and poetry, but may also include proverbs, folksongs, and other traditional forms of linguistic expression." (Lizhen)

  • Asian Theatre Journal "This Journal is dedicated to the performing arts of Asia, focusing upon both traditional and modern theatrical forms. It aims to facilitate the exchange of knowledge throughout the international theatrical community for the mutual benefit of all interested scholars and artists. It offers descriptive and analytical articles, original plays and play translations, book and audiovisual reviews, and reports of current theatrical activities in Asia."(Lizhen)

  • 中国都市芸能研究 (Chinese Urban Performing Arts Studies) This is the Journal of the Japan Association for Chinese Urban Performing Arts,mainly focus on Republican Period.(Lizhen)

Week 12

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Week 13

  • Daoist Studies portal. Maintained by James Miller. The Daoist Studies website is developing into the primary portal for Daoist Studies. The site contains an array of goodies, including an up-to-date bibliography of secondary sources, a research guide, and digital access to various Daoist collections of primary sources, to name a few. The site also has a discussion forum, however access is register-only. (Nathan)
  • Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews (CLEAR). Published by Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews (CLEAR). Coverage is from 1979 to 2008. There are thirty volumes all together. It includes journal article, essays, and book reviews that are related to Chinese literature. It covers all genres of Chinese literature, including studies of poetry, drama, fiction, and prose. Also, it covers both pre-modern and modern Chinese literature. Our library has an online access through JSTOR: (Michelle)
  • Du xiu讀秀 The Duxiu database provides access to more than 3 million Chinese bibliographic entries and 2 million full text scholarly resources in all subjects and formats, such as books, journal articles, conference papers and video clips. Duxiu covers Chinese publications from the early the 1930s to the present. (Min)
  • Modern Chinese History Online Database:, run by University of California, San Diego, the database covers various historical materials ranging from book reviews to information about visiting Chinese archives. (Min)
  • Toyo shi kenkyu [東洋史研究 Journal of Oriental Researches]. The Japanese academic journal, published since 1935, maintains a running bibliography of recent publications, both monographs and articles, published in every issue—arranged by Japanese pronunciation of the name of the journal in which the article appears. Electronically available via the online UBC library catalogue. (TY)
  • Shigaku zasshi [史学雑誌]. Shigaku zasshi is one of the oldest academic journals of history in Japan. It has been published since 1889. The May issue annually contains review articles for fields defined by geography and chronology. This is a useful way to find out what has been published in Japanese. Hard copies are available in the ASRS strorage and the Asian Library. (TY)