# Help:Formatting

You can format your text using the formatting toolbar or wiki markup. Wiki markup can be thought of as a simplified version of html and it consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equation marks which have a special function in the wiki. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two single quotes like ''this''.

## Text Formatting

Description You type You get
character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
Italic text ''italic'' italic
Bold text '''bold''' bold
Bold and italic '''''bold & italic''''' bold & italic
Ignore wiki markup <nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki> no ''markup''
section formatting – only at the beginning of the line
Preformatted text
 preformatted text is done with
a '''space''' at the
''beginning'' of the line


This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting, and character formatting markups are still effective.

preformatted text is done with
a space at the
beginning of the line


## Organizing

Description You type You get
section formatting – only at the beginning of the line (with no leading spaces)
=level 1=
==level 2==
===level 3===
====level 4====
=====level 5=====
======level 6======


Level 1 is normally set aside for the article title. An article with 4 or more headings automatically creates a table of contents.

Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Level 4
Level 5
Level 6
Horizontal rule ----

### Lists

Description You type You get
section formatting – only at the beginning of the line (with no leading spaces)
Bullet list
* one
* two
* three
** three point one
** three point two


Inserting a blank line will end the first list and start another.

• one
• two
• three
• three point one
• three point two
Numbered list
# one
# two<br />spanning more lines<br />doesn't break numbering
# three
## three point one
## three point two

1. one
2. two
spanning more lines
doesn't break numbering
3. three
1. three point one
2. three point two
Definition list
;item 1
: definition 1
;item 2
: definition 2-1
: definition 2-2

item 1
definition 1
item 2
definition 2-1
definition 2-2
Adopting definition list to indent text
: Single indent
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent


This workaround may be controversial from the viewpoint of accessibility.

Single indent
Double indent
Multiple indent
Mixture of different types of list
# one
# two
#* two point one
#* two point two
# three
#; three item one
#: three def one
# four
#: four def one
#: this rather looks like the continuation of # four
#: and thus often used instead of <br />
# five
## five sub 1
### five sub 1 sub 1
## five sub 2

;item 1
:* definition 1-1
:* definition 1-2
:
;item 2
:# definition 2-1
:# definition 2-2


The usage of #: and *: for breaking a line within an item may also be controversial.

1. one
2. two
• two point one
• two point two
3. three
three item one
three def one
4. four
four def one
this rather looks like the continuation of # four
often used instead of <br />
5. five
1. five sub 1
1. five sub 1 sub 1
2. five sub 2
item 1
• definition 1-1
• definition 1-2
item 2
1. definition 2-1
2. definition 2-2

For even more on list, check out Wikipedia's List Help article.

### Signatures

You should always sign your comments, though signatures can be inserted anywhere on a wiki page.

Description You type You get
character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
Signature Three tildes for just a signature, ~~~ Three tildes for just a signature, Cynthia (UBC LSIT)
Signature with Date and Time Four tildes for your signature with date and time, ~~~~ Four tildes for your signature with date and time, Cynthia (UBC LSIT) 22:27, 26 May 2010 (UTC)
Only Date and Time Five tildes for date and time only, ~~~~~ Five tildes for date and time only, 22:27, 26 May 2010 (UTC)
• Note: Once you save, the signature and date/time are automatically created. The next time someone edits, it no longer show the tildes.

## Paragraphs

MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <br />.

## HTML Formatting

Some HTML tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>, <div>, <span> and <font>. These apply anywhere you insert them.

Description You type You get
Underscore <u>underscore</u> underscore
Strikethrough <del>Strikethrough</del> or <s>Strikethrough</s> Strikethrough
Fixed width text <tt>Fixed width text</tt> or <code>source code</code> Fixed width text or source code
Blockquotes

text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text <blockquote> quote quote quote quote quote quote </blockquote> text text text text text text text text text text text text

text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

quote quote quote quote quote quote

text text text text text text text text text text text text
Typewriter font
Puts text in a <tt>typewriter
font</tt>. The same font is
generally used for <code>
computer code</code>.

Puts the text in a typewriter

font. The same font is generally used for computer code.

Superscripts and Subscripts
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O

X2, H2O
Centered text
<center>Centered text</center>
* Please note the American spelling of "center".

Centered text
Comment <!-- This is a comment -->

Text can only be viewed in the edit window.

Completely preformatted text
<pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre>

 this way, all markups are '''ignored'''.

Customized preformatted text

<pre style="CSS text">this way, all markups are '''ignored''' and formatted with a CSS text</pre>

this way, all markups are '''ignored'''
and formatted with a CSS text


## Mathematical formulas

MediaWiki allows you to use LaTeX to insert mathematical formulae by typing in $Formula here$. Included here are a couple of examples and commonly used functions and expressions.

What you type What it looks like
Superscript $a^2$ 
Subscript $a_3$ 
Grouping $a_{x,y}$ 
Combination $a_3^2 or {a_3}^2$  or 
Root $([n] is optional) \sqrt[n]{x}$ 
Fraction $\frac{3}{4}=0.75 or (small) \tfrac{1}{3}=0.\bar{3}$  or (small) 
More Complex Example $\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$ 

See WikiMedia's Help on Displaying a Formula for a full article on using TeX to display formulae. Beginning at Section 3 (Functions, symbols, special characters) is a comprehensive list of all the symbols.

## Footnotes

You can add footnotes to sentences using the ref tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.

What it looks like What you type
There are over six billion people in the world.[1] References:
1. CIA World Factbook, 2006.
There are over six billion people in the world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref> References: <references/>