Clickers (Teaching and Learning)
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What are clickers?
Clickers (or Student Response Systems) are wireless hand-held devices that allow students to respond to classroom polls and quizzes, regardless of class size and common student dynamics. These remote-like gadgets transmit individual student responses to an instructor's laptop to record and even share these results directly back to the class. Instructors can also use this data to customize their lessons for each learning group.
Uses and Benefits
Studies conducted on the usage of clickers demonstrate an improved learning environment for students. Effective use of clickers leads to greater class interactivity, increased student-teacher interaction, and consequently improved conceptual understanding of material for the learners.
Instructors can use clickers as a tool to gauge students' understanding and/or as a quiz/exam delivery system.
Clickers also allow instructors to:
- Increase class participation and improve attendance
- Spark debate and discussion in class
- Identify students who need additional assistance
- Instantly gauge student comprehension of a particular topic or question
- Take attendance
- Encourage class discussion among all students
- Instantly grade and record student results
- Give continuous feedback to provide students an active learning process
- Generate student assessment reports
- Easily deliver quizzes and assessments electronically
- Focus more time on teaching and less time on paperwork and grading
- Kenwright, K. (2009). Clickers in the classroom. TechTrends, 53(1), 74-77. Permalink
- Peter Shawn Taylor. (2007). Can clickers cure crowded classes? Maclean's, 120(26/27), 73. Permalink
- Martyn, M. (2007). Clickers in the classroom: An active learning approach. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 30(2), 71-74.
- Robin K. Morgan. (2008). Exploring the pedagogical effectiveness of clickers. InSight: A Journal of Scholarly Teaching, 3(1), 31-36.
- Kolikant, Y. B., Drane, D., & Calkins, S. (2010). "Clickers" as catalysts for transformation of teachers. College Teaching, 58(4), 127-135.
- EDUCAUSE. (2005). 7 things you should know about clickers.
- Li, P. (2007). Creating and evaluating a new clicker methodology. Ohio State University / OhioLINK).
- Immerwahr, J. (2009). Engaging the "thumb generation" with clickers. TEACHING PHILOSOPHY, 32(3), 233-245.
- Lantz, M. E. (2010). The use of ‘Clickers’ in the classroom: Teaching innovation or merely an amusing novelty? Computers in Human Behavior, 26(4), 556-561.
- Cheesman, E. A., Winograd, G. R., & Wehrman, J. D. (2010). Clickers in teacher education: Student perceptions by age and gender. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 18(1), 35-55.
- Jeffrey R Stowell, Terrah Oldham, & Dan Bennett. (2010). Using student response systems ("clickers") to combat conformity and shyness. Teaching of Psychology, 37(2), 135.
- Mayer, R. E., Stull, A., DeLeeuw, K., Almeroth, K., Bimber, B., Chun, D., . . . . (2009). Clickers in college classrooms: Fostering learning with questioning methods in large lecture classes. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 34(1), 51-57.
- Boatright-Horowitz, S. L. (2009). Useful pedagogies or financial hardships? interactive response technology (clickers) in the large college classroom. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 21(3), 295-298.
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