Difference between revisions of "Course:FRST270/Wiki Projects/Waswanipi Cree- The Fight for Broadback Valley Forest Protection"

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<big>'''Waswanipi Cree- The Fight for Broadback Valley Forest Protection'''</big>   
 
<big>'''Waswanipi Cree- The Fight for Broadback Valley Forest Protection'''</big>   
 
<big>[[File:Villages-Cris-Qc.PNG|thumb|Villages-Cris-Qc]]</big>
 
  
 
The Waswanipi Cree is one of nine Cree communities located in the ''Iiyiyuuschii'' territory of northern Quebec. With a current population of 1,500 individuals, this southernmost Cree has been working for over 10 years to protect their way of life including the ancestral trap lines, birch trees, and endangered woodland Caribou that conflict with industrial logging interest (Axelrod, 2017). Acting upon this pressure, the Waswanipi, in partnership with local hunters, logging companies, universities, and the Canadian federal government's [http://imfn.net/canadian-model-forest-network Model Forest Network], enacted the Waswanipi Cree Model Forest, the first Aboriginal model forest and one of eleven Canadian model forests. Succeeding in 2015 to protect over 2.3 acres of territory fell short of the Waswanipi Cree's proposed desires. The Cree continues to advocate for protection from logging and road construction. <ref name="Cree Cultural Institute" /> This page explores the history and current findings behind the Waswanipi Cree's struggle for the Broadback Valley's protection.  
 
The Waswanipi Cree is one of nine Cree communities located in the ''Iiyiyuuschii'' territory of northern Quebec. With a current population of 1,500 individuals, this southernmost Cree has been working for over 10 years to protect their way of life including the ancestral trap lines, birch trees, and endangered woodland Caribou that conflict with industrial logging interest (Axelrod, 2017). Acting upon this pressure, the Waswanipi, in partnership with local hunters, logging companies, universities, and the Canadian federal government's [http://imfn.net/canadian-model-forest-network Model Forest Network], enacted the Waswanipi Cree Model Forest, the first Aboriginal model forest and one of eleven Canadian model forests. Succeeding in 2015 to protect over 2.3 acres of territory fell short of the Waswanipi Cree's proposed desires. The Cree continues to advocate for protection from logging and road construction. <ref name="Cree Cultural Institute" /> This page explores the history and current findings behind the Waswanipi Cree's struggle for the Broadback Valley's protection.  
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=== Geography ===  
 
=== Geography ===  
 +
[[File:Villages-Cris-Qc.PNG|thumb|Villages-Cris-Qc]]
  
 
The Waswanipi Cree reside in the Broadback Valley <ref name="Perreaux, L." />, one of the last untact, virgin stands of Boreal forests in Quebec. Over 35,000 km2 <ref name="Roberts, Gautum, & Pelletier" />, the Waswanipi territory is located 730 km north of Montreal; many consider the valley and the 13,000 km2 protected forest to be a "gateway to Northern Quebec." <ref name="Bernstein" /> Although the area itself is smaller then the country of Switzerland, the trap lines that the Waswanipi Cree manage run an expanse of over 33,000 km yet over 90% of these have been the subject of clear-cutting <ref name= "Mulvihill, K., Preuss, E." /> The hunting grounds the 52 trap lines pertain to <ref name="Roberts, Gautum, & Pelletier" /> are a further 300 km northwest of the valley. <ref name="Perreaux, L." />
 
The Waswanipi Cree reside in the Broadback Valley <ref name="Perreaux, L." />, one of the last untact, virgin stands of Boreal forests in Quebec. Over 35,000 km2 <ref name="Roberts, Gautum, & Pelletier" />, the Waswanipi territory is located 730 km north of Montreal; many consider the valley and the 13,000 km2 protected forest to be a "gateway to Northern Quebec." <ref name="Bernstein" /> Although the area itself is smaller then the country of Switzerland, the trap lines that the Waswanipi Cree manage run an expanse of over 33,000 km yet over 90% of these have been the subject of clear-cutting <ref name= "Mulvihill, K., Preuss, E." /> The hunting grounds the 52 trap lines pertain to <ref name="Roberts, Gautum, & Pelletier" /> are a further 300 km northwest of the valley. <ref name="Perreaux, L." />
  
 
=== Waswanipi Cree History  ===
 
=== Waswanipi Cree History  ===
 
+
[[File:Birches-oliv.jpg|thumb|Birches-oliv]]
 
=== Resource Protection ===
 
=== Resource Protection ===
 
+
[[File:Mountain-type Woodland Caribou.jpg|thumb|Mountain-type Woodland Caribou]]
 
==Tenure arrangements==  
 
==Tenure arrangements==  
 
Tenure arrangements. Describe the nature of the tenure: freehold or forest management agreement/arrangements, duration, etc.
 
Tenure arrangements. Describe the nature of the tenure: freehold or forest management agreement/arrangements, duration, etc.

Revision as of 18:40, 10 November 2017

Waswanipi Cree- The Fight for Broadback Valley Forest Protection

The Waswanipi Cree is one of nine Cree communities located in the Iiyiyuuschii territory of northern Quebec. With a current population of 1,500 individuals, this southernmost Cree has been working for over 10 years to protect their way of life including the ancestral trap lines, birch trees, and endangered woodland Caribou that conflict with industrial logging interest (Axelrod, 2017). Acting upon this pressure, the Waswanipi, in partnership with local hunters, logging companies, universities, and the Canadian federal government's Model Forest Network, enacted the Waswanipi Cree Model Forest, the first Aboriginal model forest and one of eleven Canadian model forests. Succeeding in 2015 to protect over 2.3 acres of territory fell short of the Waswanipi Cree's proposed desires. The Cree continues to advocate for protection from logging and road construction. [1] This page explores the history and current findings behind the Waswanipi Cree's struggle for the Broadback Valley's protection.

Overview

Nine Cree's

Over 600 indigenous communities can be found in the Boreal Forest Region of Northern Canada. [2] Among these are the Iiyiyuu and Iinuu (Cree for "people") residing in over nine different Cree's on Iiyiyuuschii, (Cree for "traditional territory.") [1] Within these nine are four "island cree's" or nuuchimiich, with which the Waswanipi Cree are a member of. [1]

Geography

Villages-Cris-Qc

The Waswanipi Cree reside in the Broadback Valley [3], one of the last untact, virgin stands of Boreal forests in Quebec. Over 35,000 km2 [4], the Waswanipi territory is located 730 km north of Montreal; many consider the valley and the 13,000 km2 protected forest to be a "gateway to Northern Quebec." [5] Although the area itself is smaller then the country of Switzerland, the trap lines that the Waswanipi Cree manage run an expanse of over 33,000 km yet over 90% of these have been the subject of clear-cutting [6] The hunting grounds the 52 trap lines pertain to [4] are a further 300 km northwest of the valley. [3]

Waswanipi Cree History

Birches-oliv

Resource Protection

Mountain-type Woodland Caribou

Tenure arrangements

Tenure arrangements. Describe the nature of the tenure: freehold or forest management agreement/arrangements, duration, etc.


Administrative arrangements

Administrative arrangements. Describe the management authority and the reporting system.


Affected Stakeholders

Social actors (stakeholders, user groups) who are affected stakeholders, their main relevant objectives, and their relative power


Interested Outside Stakeholders

Social actors (stakeholders, user groups) who are interested stakeholders, outside the community, their main relevant objectives, and their relative power


Discussion

A discussion of the aims and intentions of the community forestry project and your assessment of relative successes or failures. You should also include a discussion of critical issues or conflicts in this community and how they are being managed


Assessment

Your assessment of the relative power of each group of social actors, and how that power is being used


Recommendations

Your recommendations about this community forestry project


References

Axelrod, J. (2017, October 10). Indigenous Communities Lead Way to Boreal Forest Protection [Web log post]. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from https://www.nrdc.org/experts/josh-axelrod/indigenous-communities-lead-way-boreal-forest-protection. [2]

Bernstien, J. (206, January 26). Waswanipi Cree demand virgin forest, caribou be protected from logging. CBC News. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/waswanipi-forest-roads-threaten-caribou-1.3418531. [5]

Cheveau, M., Imbeau, L., Drapeau, P., & Belanger, L. (2008). Current status and future directions of traditional ecological knowledge in forest management: a review (2nd ed., Vol. 84, pp. 231-243, Tech.). Ottawa, ON: Canadian Science Publishing. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from http://pubs.cif-ifc.org/doi/pdf/10.5558/tfc84231-2. [7]

Cree Cultural Institute. (n.d.). Waswanipi. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from http://www.creeculture.ca/content/waswanipi-0. [1]

Emmett, B. (2006). Canadian Model Forest Network Achievements (pp. 1-28) (Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service). Ottawa, ON: Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from http://www.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/pubwarehouse/pdfs/26261_e.pdf. [8]

Happyjack, M. (2016, January 19). Cree First Nation of Waswanipi. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from http://www.waswanipi.com/en/. [9]

Jacqumain, H., Dussault, C., Courtois, R., & Bélanger, L. (2008). Moose–habitat relationships: integrating local Cree native knowledge and scientific findings in northern Quebec (12th ed., Vol. 38, pp. 3120-3132, Tech.). Canadian Journal of Forest Research. doi:https://doi.org/10.1139/X08-128. [10]

Moas, A. (n.d.). Intact but Not Untouched: What I Learned From an Indigenous Community’s Fight to Save Canada’s Boreal Forest (Rep.). Washington,D.C.: Greenpeace. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/stories/what-i-learned-from-an-indigenous-communitys-fight-to-save-canadas-boreal-forest/. [11]

Mulvihill, K., & Preuss, E. (Producers). (2017, January 31). The Call to Protect One of the Last Untouched Stretches of the Boreal Forest [Video file]. Retrieved November 1, 2017, from https://www.nrdc.org/stories/call-protect-one-last-untouched-stretches-boreal-forest. [6]

Parsons, R., & Prest, G. (2004). Aboriginal forestry in Canada (4th ed., Vol. 79, pp. 779-784, Rep.). The Forestry Chronicle. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from http://pubs.cif-ifc.org/doi/pdf/10.5558/tfc79779-4. [12]

Perreaux, L. (2017, April 7). Quebec Cree's campaign to save ancestral forest goes global. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from https://beta.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/quebec-crees-campaign-to-save-pristine-forest-goes-global/article34640944/?ref=http://www.theglobeandmail.com&. [3]

Roberts, Gautum, & Pelletier. (2008). Waswinipi Cree Model Forest, Quebec, Canada. In People and Biodiversity Policies - Impacts, Issues, and Strategies for Policy Action (pp. 213-214). Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from https://books.google.ca/books?id=CMzVAgAAQBAJ&lpg=PA213&ots=yG_8abP7Oc&dq=waswanipi%20cree%20community%20forestry&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q=waswanipi%20cree%20community%20forestry&f=false. [4]


Seekiefer (Pinus halepensis) 9months-fromtop.jpg
This conservation resource was created by Elliot Bellis.


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