Mini-Lessons Basics/BOPPPS Model for Planning Lessons (Teaching and Learning)
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Many models exist for planning lessons. The lesson basics used in Instructional Skills Workshops are sometimes referred to by an acronym. "BOPPPS" and are focused on the following six components:
|1. B||Bridge-in||Begins the learning cycle, gains learner attention, builds motivation, and explains why the lesson is important.
Sometimes known as the "motivational statement" or "hook", the bridge-in helps the learners focus on what is about to happen in the lesson. Bridge-ins are usually short. Some simple strategies include: Providing reasons for learning this topic; explaining why this topic is important and how it may be useful in other situations; describing how it is a transferable skill
|2. O||Objective or Outcome||Clarifies and specifies the learning intention: clarifies what the learner should know, think, value or do by the end of the lesson, under what conditions and how well.
While a course may have a few broad general goals and a limited number of learning outcomes, individual lessons usually focus on one or more specific learning objectives to reach those goals or outcomes. Generally, an objective is written as one sentence that includes:
|3. P||Pre-assessment||Answers the question, "What does the learner already know about the subject of the lesson?"
|4. P||Participatory Learning||This is the body of the lesson, where learners are involved as actively in the learning process as possible. There is an intentional sequence of activities or learning events that will help the learner achieve the specified objective or desired outcome. The lesson may include the use of media.
Some ways to encourage active participation include:
|5. P||Post-assessment||Formally or informally demonstrates if the learner has indeed learned and is linked directly with the objective or outcome.
The post-assessment answers two questions:
Basic knowledge and thinking (knowledge recall and comprehension) can be assessed by:
|6. S||Summary/Closure||Provides an opportunity for learners to reflect briefly and integrate the learning during the closing of the learning cycle.
The summary may include:
- This information is made available with the permission from the ISW International Advisory Committee
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